Hum Hist 2 ho 7

Hum Hist 2 ho 7 - Human History Week 4, lecture 1 The hard...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Human History The hard ceiling (18th century) 4/20/10 Week 4, lecture 1 The hard ceiling Many shared challenges across 17th-18th century Eurasian core: state failure, famine, colder weather, population pressure Many shared responses: colonization of marginal lands, introduction of American crops, pushing back hunter-gatherers, shift from wood to coal, agricultural intensification Energy capture rises above 35,000 calories/person/day in China and NW Europe after 1700, but constraint not shattered; real wages for the poor are falling nearly everywhere by 1750 Ecological crisis looks likely for late 18th and 19th century Instead, great divergence begins between eastern and western Eurasia Kangxi Differences in scientific development are both a cause and a consequence Chinese scholars ask questions somewhat like Europeans in 16th-17th centuries, but don’t go as far, especially in mechanical models of nature Reign of Kangxi (1661-1722) is crucial Kangxi embraces much in Jesuit scholarship: writes that “the ‘new methods’ of calculating make basic errors impossible … the general principles of Western calendrical science are without error” But, he adds, “Even though some of the Western methods are different from our own, and
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 05/03/2010 for the course IHUM 69 taught by Professor Morris during the Spring '10 term at Stanford.

Page1 / 2

Hum Hist 2 ho 7 - Human History Week 4, lecture 1 The hard...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online