POS 210 Essay Exam 2

POS 210 Essay Exam 2 - Eduard Bernstein's Evolutionary...

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Eduard Bernstein’s Evolutionary Socialism played an important role in developing the basic ideas of “revisionist” Marxism. In this selection, he lays out his argument for socialism by gradual peaceful changes in the government rather than a revolution by violence. Bernstein believed that Karl Marx’s theory had error in it that needed to be corrected. He uses the analogy of the scaffolding on a building to explain this. When the scaffolding puts limits on the building, Bernstein says, “[Marx] … changed the building itself at the cost of its right proportions and so made it more dependant on the scaffolding” (Reader 223). In order to explore what this means, one must first understand that Bernstein saw a residue of Utopianism in Marx’s theory that conflicted with his “scientific” argument. In Evolutionary Socialism , Bernstein attempts to purge the Utopian residue from Marx’s argument, in order to create a plausible argument for socialism. The Communist Manifesto , written by Friedrich Engles and Karl Marx, lays out a plan for socialism and
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This note was uploaded on 05/04/2010 for the course POS 210 taught by Professor Simonhy during the Fall '07 term at ASU.

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POS 210 Essay Exam 2 - Eduard Bernstein's Evolutionary...

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