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finalanthrop - Question 1 1 out of 1 points Anthropology is...

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Unformatted text preview: Question 1 1 out of 1 points Anthropology is ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: the study of humankind everywhere, throughout time the study of humankind everywhere, throughout time Question 2 1 out of 1 points Although human beings always have been interested in other human beings, anthropology has emerged as a tradition of scientific inquiry over the last ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: 150 years 150 years Question 3 1 out of 1 points Which of the following is not a primate? Selected Answer: Correct Answer: all of the above are primates all of the above are primates Question 4 1 out of 1 points Anthropology is different from other disciplines that study humans because ____. Selected Answer: it synthesizes data from many fields in an effort to describe human behavior as a whole Correct Answer: it synthesizes data from many fields in an effort to describe human behavior as a whole Question 5 1 out of 1 points ____ specializes in the identification of human skeletal remains for legal purposes. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Forensic anthropology Forensic anthropology Question 6 1 out of 1 points Which of the following is not one of the four branches of anthropology? Selected Answer: Correct Answer: biology biology Question 7 1 out of 1 points As part of your job, you may study the frequency of blood types in human populations, or watch the behavior of monkeys and apes, or dig for early hominid bones in East Africa. You are a(n) ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: physical anthropologist physical anthropologist Question 8 1 out of 1 points Cross-cultural research that allows the anthropologist to develop theories that help explain why certain important differences or similarities occur between groups is known as ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: ethnology ethnology Question 9 1 out of 1 points A detailed description of a particular culture based on fieldwork is called ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: ethnography ethnography Question 10 1 out of 1 points An archaeologist studies material remains to understand ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: culture culture Question 11 1 out of 1 points The Garbage Project in Tucson demonstrated that what people say and what they do can differ dramatically. For instance, investigators found that ____. Selected Answer: the amount of beer consumed, according to empty cans in the trash, was far higher than people claimed Correct Answer: the amount of beer consumed, according to empty cans in the trash, was far higher than people claimed Question 12 1 out of 1 points Historians, who usually study the past through written sources, are limited chronologically to ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: the past 5,000 years the past 5,000 years Question 13 1 out of 1 points The branch of cultural anthropology that studies human languages is called ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: linguistic anthropology linguistic anthropology Question 14 1 out of 1 points The work of medical anthropologists sheds light on the connections between ____ both globally and locally. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: human health and political and economic forces human health and political and economic forces Question 15 1 out of 1 points An ethnologist can be described as someone who ____. Selected Answer: cultures Correct Answer: cultures develops a science of culture by comparing many specific develops a science of culture by comparing many specific Question 16 1 out of 1 points In-depth descriptive studies of specific cultures are called ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: ethnographies ethnographies Question 17 1 out of 1 points Which of the following is not goal of science? Selected Answer: Correct Answer: to eliminate the need to use the imagination to eliminate the need to use the imagination Question 18 1 out of 1 points The anthropologists who focus on humans as biological organisms, tracing their evolutionary development and looking at biological variations within the species, past and present are known as ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: physical anthropologists physical anthropologists Question 19 1 out of 1 points Anthropology has been called the most human of the sciences because ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: all of these all of these Question 20 1 out of 1 points The branch of anthropology that studies past human cultures, some of which have left no written records, is known as ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: archaeology archaeology Question 21 1 out of 1 points The raw material for evolution is the unit of heredity called the ____. Selected Answer: gene Correct Answer: gene Question 22 1 out of 1 points Each species has a typical number of chromosomes, grouped in pairs. Humans have ____ pairs of chromosomes. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: 23 23 Question 23 1 out of 1 points The cells of your body wear out on a regular basis and must be replaced (new skin cells, new hair and fingernail cells, and so on). The process of cell division by which new body cells are produced is called ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: mitosis mitosis Question 24 1 out of 1 points If you have a chromosome pair on which the alleles for a single gene are identical (for example, if you have the genotype AA for blood type in the ABO system), this pair is described as ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: homozygous homozygous Question 25 1 out of 1 points Inherited skin color in humans is caused by ____. Selected Answer: at least three separate genes (called polygenes) Correct Answer: at least three separate genes (called polygenes) Question 26 1 out of 1 points The study of inheritance in individuals tells us about how genes can be combined and recombined through sexual reproduction, but to see how species change over time as natural selection favors some combinations over others, we need to look at ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: populations populations Question 27 1 out of 1 points A chemical alteration of a gene that produces a new allele is called a ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: mutation mutation Question 28 1 out of 1 points The introduction of alleles from the gene pool of one population into that of another is called ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: gene flow gene flow Question 29 1 out of 1 points The process by which a population becomes better adapted to its biological and social environment is ____. Selected Answer: adaptation Correct Answer: adaptation Question 30 1 out of 1 points A ____ is a population or group of populations capable of interbreeding that is reproductively isolated from other such populations. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: species species Question 31 1 out of 1 points Which of the following is not one of the evolutionary forces that account for change in the genetic composition of populations? Selected Answer: Correct Answer: the genetic code the genetic code Question 32 1 out of 1 points Humans belong to which of the following classifications within the primate order? Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Family Hominidae Family Hominidae Question 33 1 out of 1 points The word "arboreal" means ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: living in trees living in trees Question 34 1 out of 1 points Primate characteristics are thought to have evolved in a(n) ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: both b and c both b and c Question 35 1 out of 1 points The evolution of larger brains in primates may be due to ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: all of the above all of the above Question 36 1 out of 1 points The flexible, unspecialized primate hand was especially important in human evolution because it ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: enabled early humans to manufacture and use tools enabled early humans to manufacture and use tools Question 37 1 out of 1 points ____ evidence has confirmed the close relationship between humans and other primates while also contributing new evidence for refining evolutionary relationships inferred from visible appearance alone. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Molecular Molecular Question 38 1 out of 1 points The gorilla and chimpanzee both practice a distinctive form of locomotion called ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: knuckle-walking knuckle-walking Question 39 1 out of 1 points Which of the following primates have been observed hunting, killing, and eating small to medium-sized mammals? Selected Answer: Correct Answer: a and d a and d Question 40 1 out of 1 points In genetic structure, biochemistry, and anatomy which of the following are closest to humans, and thus must share a common ancestry? Selected Answer: Correct Answer: b, c, and d b, c, and d Question 41 1 out of 1 points Which of the following best describes the environment in which early primates emerged? Selected Answer: Correct Answer: all of the above all of the above Question 42 1 out of 1 points Which of the following is correct with regard to the Eocene epoch? Selected Answer: Correct Answer: all of the above all of the above Question 43 1 out of 1 points The adaptive radiation of apes seems to have occurred during the ____ epoch. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Miocene Miocene Question 44 1 out of 1 points The first well-preserved "true" primates appeared about ____ million years ago. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: 55 55 Question 45 1 out of 1 points The only primates to be found living everywhere on earth are the ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: humans humans Question 46 1 out of 1 points As the forests diminished and the savanna expanded, populations of hominoids living at the edge of the savanna experienced selective pressures in favor of ____. Selected Answer: bipedal locomotion Correct Answer: bipedal locomotion Question 47 1 out of 1 points Which of the following may have contributed to the development of bipedalism among the Miocene apes? Selected Answer: Correct Answer: all of the above all of the above Question 48 1 out of 1 points A gradual directional change over time can occur with in a single lineage, without any evident branching, is known as ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: anagenesis anagenesis Question 49 1 out of 1 points Reproduction involving the production of relatively few offspring with high parental investment in each is referred to as ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: k-selected k-selected Question 50 1 out of 1 points This process called ____, accounts for the re-arrangement of adjacent landmasses through the theory of plate tectonics. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: continental drift continental drift Question 51 1 out of 1 points The "southern ape of Africa" discovered by Raymond Dart in 1924 was ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Australopithecus Australopithecus Question 52 1 out of 1 points The position of the foramen magnum on Australopithecus discovered by Raymond Dart convinced him that the creature was ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: bipedal bipedal Question 53 1 out of 1 points These ancient hominines were between 3.5 and 5 feet tall and weighed between 29 and 45 kilograms. They were fully bipedal. Their forearms were longer than those of modern man but shorter than those of modern apes. The shoulder girdle and finger bones indicate that they climbed a lot of trees. The brain varied in size from 310 to 510 ccs. They are ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: australopithecines australopithecines Question 54 1 out of 1 points The earliest tools were probably used ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: to dig roots to dig roots Question 55 1 out of 1 points A major disadvantage of bipedalism is ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: all of the above all of the above Question 56 1 out of 1 points If you were living on the savanna, ____ would improve your ability to transport food, spot food and predators at a distance, and throw things to protect yourself. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: bipedalism bipedalism Question 57 1 out of 1 points Besides facilitating the food quest, in which of the following ways would bipedalism enhance survivability? Selected Answer: Correct Answer: b and d b and d Question 58 1 out of 1 points This perpetrator of the infamous Piltdown hoax was an amateur archaeologist, paleontologist, and practicing lawyer: ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Charles Dawson Charles Dawson Question 59 1 out of 1 points The Olduvai Gorge is located in the country of ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Tanzania Tanzania Question 60 1 out of 1 points The taxonomic system used today was first devised by Linneaus in ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: 1758 1758 Question 61 1 out of 1 points The first clear and comprehensive definition of culture was made by ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Edward B. Tylor Edward B. Tylor Question 62 1 out of 1 points All of the following are common aspects of culture except ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: genes genes Question 63 1 out of 1 points Which of the following statements about society and culture is incorrect? Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Culture can exist without a society. Culture can exist without a society. Question 64 1 out of 1 points The term "gender" refers to ____. Selected Answer: cultural meanings assigned to the biological differences between the sexes Correct Answer: cultural meanings assigned to the biological differences between the sexes Question 65 1 out of 1 points The cultural definitions of what it means to be a male or female today ____. Selected Answer: insignificant Correct Answer: insignificant stem from biological differences that today are relatively stem from biological differences that today are relatively Question 66 1 out of 1 points Which of the following illustrates the fact that culture is learned rather than biologically inherited? Selected Answer: Human societies differ in whether their members eat five meals a day or only one, and what types of food and drink are considered appropriate or taboo. Correct Answer: Human societies differ in whether their members eat five meals a day or only one, and what types of food and drink are considered appropriate or taboo. Question 67 1 out of 1 points ____ establishes group cohesion and makes it possible for people to consistently satisfy their basic needs. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Social structure Social structure Question 68 1 out of 1 points The most important symbolic aspect of culture is ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: language language Question 69 1 out of 1 points Culture is an integrated and interrelated whole, which means that ____. Selected Answer: if you alter one aspect of a culture, you can drastically affect and possibly even endanger the functioning of the whole Correct Answer: if you alter one aspect of a culture, you can drastically affect and possibly even endanger the functioning of the whole Question 70 1 out of 1 points The process by which organisms adjust beneficially to their environment, or the characteristics by which they overcome hazards and gain access to the resources they need to survive, is called ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: adaptation adaptation Question 71 1 out of 1 points Humans' major mode of adaptation, which enables them to live effectively in diverse environments, is ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: culture culture Question 72 1 out of 1 points The ____ of culture is/are what a culture must do to satisfy basic needs of its members. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: functions functions Question 73 1 out of 1 points The belief that one's own way of life is superior to others is ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: ethnocentrism ethnocentrism Question 74 1 out of 1 points ____ refers to the position that because cultures are unique, each one can be evaluated only according to its own standards and values. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Cultural relativism Cultural relativism Question 75 1 out of 1 points We now know that any culture that is functioning adequately regards itself as the best, a view reflecting a phenomenon known as ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: ethnocentrism ethnocentrism Question 76 1 out of 1 points The culture concept was first developed by anthropologists toward the end of the ____ century. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: nineteenth nineteenth Question 77 1 out of 1 points The tendency for all aspects of a culture to function as an interrelated whole is called ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: integration integration Question 78 1 out of 1 points In the United States, the rise of private militia groups reflects the ____. Selected Answer: culture Correct Answer: culture frustration of people whose needs are poorly satisfied by the frustration of people whose needs are poorly satisfied by the Question 79 1 out of 1 points Which of the following statements about the relationship between sex and gender is incorrect? Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Sex is the same as gender. Sex is the same as gender. Question 80 1 out of 1 points In the movie Witness, a policeman named John Book was able to hide from his corrupt boss by staying with the Amish. He was protected by adopting their mode of dress, by the fact that they had no telephones, and by their being a closely-knit community united by shared values that differed from those of the larger society. The Amish in the United States are an example of a(n) ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: subculture subculture Question 81 0 out of 1 points The name Homo habilis means ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: southern ape from Africa handy man Question 82 1 out of 1 points The earliest known stone tool tradition is called ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Oldowan Oldowan Question 83 0 out of 1 points Tool making probably contributed to the evolution of the brain because ____. Selected Answer: precision grip Correct Answer: it promoted the power grip of the hand instead of the it put a premium on manual dexterity and fine manipulation Question 84 1 out of 1 points Hominin brains began to get significantly larger ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: all of the above all of the above Question 85 0 out of 1 points The genus Homo appears to have developed from one of the smaller-brained bipedal australopithecines in ____ by ____ million years ago. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Asia / 3.2 Africa / 2.5 Question 86 1 out of 1 points The tool tradition of H. erectus is called the ____ tradition. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Acheulean Acheulean Question 87 0 out of 1 points Good evidence for the systematic use of fire by H. erectus comes from ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: [None Given] both b and d Question 88 0 out of 1 points The ____ technique of making tools involves the preparation of a striking platform at one end of the core, after which three or four long, triangular flakes are detached, leaving a nodule shaped like a tortoise shell. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Acheulean Oldowan Question 89 1 out of 1 points The name given to archaic H. sapiens in Europe and western Asia about 100,000 years ago is ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Neandertal Neandertal Question 90 1 out of 1 points The first Neandertal was discovered ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: in the Neander Valley in 1856 in the Neander Valley in 1856 Question 91 0 out of 1 points The typical tool-making tradition with which Neandertal is associated is called ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Acheulean Mousterian Question 92 0 out of 1 points Evidence about the cultural and social life of Mousterian peoples suggests that ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: they did not have the capacity for rich symbolic thought none of the above Question 93 1 out of 1 points Evidence of symbolic activity on the part of Neandertals raises the possibility of the presence and use of ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: musical instruments musical instruments Question 94 0 out of 1 points Hominid fossils 30,000 years old are usually classified as ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Cro-Magnon all of the above except a Question 95 1 out of 1 points An appreciation of art (as expressed through engravings, paintings, and body decoration) was clearly present in ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Upper Paleolithic peoples Upper Paleolithic peoples Question 96 0 out of 1 points The subjects portrayed in the Upper Paleolithic paintings found on about 200 caves ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: were painted in total darkness, probably by telepathic artists include abstract designs Question 97 1 out of 1 points Securely dated remains from ____, a site in south central Chile indicate that populations had spread as far as the southern part of South America by 12,500, if not earlier. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Monte Verde Monte Verde Question 98 1 out of 1 points The ____ was characterized by the transition from foraging for food to dependence upon domesticated plants and animals. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Neolithic Neolithic Question 99 1 out of 1 points One of the first regions to change from a hunting, gathering, and fishing economy to one based on food production was ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 100 Southwest Asia Southwest Asia 1 out of 1 points Sixty percent of the crops grown in the world today were invented by ____, who not only remain the developers of the world's largest array of nutritious foods, but are also the primary contributors to the world's varied cuisines. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 101 American Indians American Indians 1 out of 1 points The concept of tabula rasa ____. Selected Answer: implies that individuals are shaped primarily by their experiences, which differ from culture to culture Correct Answer: implies that individuals are shaped primarily by their experiences, which differ from culture to culture Question 102 0 out of 1 points ____ is the process by which culture is passed from one generation to the next, and through which individuals become members of their society. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 103 Assimilation Enculturation 1 out of 1 points Enculturation begins with the development of self-awareness, which may be defined as ____. Selected Answer: the ability to identify oneself as an object, to react to oneself, and to appraise oneself Correct Answer: the ability to identify oneself as an object, to react to oneself, and to appraise oneself Question 104 1 out of 1 points The ____ includes definitions and explanations of objects, spatial orientation, and temporal orientation, as well as culturally defined values, ideals, and standards that provide an individual with a normative orientation. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 105 behavioral environment behavioral environment 1 out of 1 points An individual's personality ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 106 all of the above all of the above 1 out of 1 points One becomes the owner of one's self and capacities in societies that practice ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 107 independence training independence training 1 out of 1 points Child-rearing practices that foster compliance on the performance of assigned tasks and dependence on the family, rather than reliance on oneself, are called ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 108 dependence training dependence training 1 out of 1 points Dependence training is more likely in ____. Selected Answer: extended families in societies whose economy is based on subsistence farming Correct Answer: extended families in societies whose economy is based on subsistence farming Question 109 1 out of 1 points Studies of ____ were developed during World War II to explore the idea that basic personality traits were shared by most of the people in modern nations. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 110 national character national character 1 out of 1 points The term "core values" refers to ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 111 those values which are emphasized by a particular culture those values which are emphasized by a particular culture 1 out of 1 points People who are born with reproductive organs, genitalia, and/or sex chromosomes that are not exclusively male or female are called ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 112 intersexuals intersexuals 0 out of 1 points ____ orientation includes standards that indicate what ranges of behavior are acceptable for males and females in a particular society. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 113 Gender Normative 1 out of 1 points An ethnic psychosis refers to ____. Selected Answer: particular group Correct Answer: particular group Question 114 a psychosis characterized by symptoms peculiar to a a psychosis characterized by symptoms peculiar to a 0 out of 1 points Biomedicine is the predominant medical system found in ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 115 Hindu cultures Europe and North America 1 out of 1 points Which of the following is not a culture-bound mental illness? Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 116 sadhu sadhu 1 out of 1 points One of the "founding mothers' of anthropology is ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 117 Margaret Mead Margaret Mead 1 out of 1 points In North American society self-awareness does not occur until about ____ years of age. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 118 2 2 1 out of 1 points ____ is the distinctive way a person thinks, feels, and behaves. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 119 Personality Personality 1 out of 1 points The core values of ____ culture promote the integration of the individual into a larger group. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 120 Chinese Chinese 1 out of 1 points In Western countries a culture-bound psychological disorder known as ____ occurs most frequently among young women in which a preoccupation with thinness produces a refusal to eat. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 121 anorexia nervosa anorexia nervosa 1 out of 1 points ____ is a transaction in which a woman and man establish a continuing claim to the right of sexual access to one another, and in which the woman involved becomes eligible to bear children. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 122 Marriage Marriage 1 out of 1 points The formation of sexual bonds between individuals of the opposite sex is called ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 123 mating mating 1 out of 1 points Marriage resolves the problem of how to bring sexual activity under ____ control. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 124 cultural cultural 1 out of 1 points Thirty-two percent of households in the United States can be classified as ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: nontraditional families nontraditional families Question 125 1 out of 1 points Marriage within a particular group of individuals is called ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 126 endogamy endogamy 1 out of 1 points In the United States today, ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 127 monogamy is the only legally recognized form of marriage monogamy is the only legally recognized form of marriage 1 out of 1 points Families can be consanguine or conjugal. The conjugal family has many forms. One type of conjugal family is the ____, consisting of the husband, wife, and dependent children. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 128 nuclear family nuclear family 0 out of 1 points The most preferred form of marriage around the world is ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 129 monogamy polygyny 1 out of 1 points Marriage to more than one husband is called ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 130 polyandry polyandry 0 out of 1 points An example of group marriage would be ____. Selected Answer: a prosperous member of the Kapauku who is able to afford a bride price for four wives Correct Answer: a hippie commune where adult members of the commune have sexual access to each other Question 131 1 out of 1 points Serial monogamy is characterized by ____. Selected Answer: a man or a woman marrying or living with a series of partners in succession (one after the other but not at the same time) Correct Answer: a man or a woman marrying or living with a series of partners in succession (one after the other but not at the same time) Question 132 1 out of 1 points In Western societies between A.D. 1000 and 1800, divorce was next to impossible, but few marriages lasted more than about 10 or 20 years, owing to ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 133 high death rates high death rates 0 out of 1 points Which of the following constitutes a culturally valid reason for divorce among different human groups? Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 134 sterility or impotence All of the above 1 out of 1 points In industrial societies, such as the United States, the most common form of residence after marriage is ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 135 neolocal neolocal 1 out of 1 points ____% of marriages end in divorce in the United States. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 136 50 50 0 out of 1 points One of the areas that is most changing the composition of families today is that of ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 137 increasing numbers of same-sex marriages new reproductive technologies 1 out of 1 points ____ marriage, in which several men and women have sexual access to one another occurs rarely. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 138 Group Group 1 out of 1 points In which of the following cultural centers is homosexuality openly accepted as part of the urban lifestyle. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 139 all of the above. all of the above. 1 out of 1 points Only a minority of known societies, about ____ percent, have rules requiring that sexual involvement take place only within marriage. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 140 15 15 1 out of 1 points A culturally sanctioned union between two or more persons that establishes certain rights and obligations between the persons, between them and their children, and between them and their in-laws. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 141 marriage marriage 0 out of 1 points Cultures are adaptive systems ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 142 that never change that are constantly changing 0 out of 1 points The ultimate source of all new ideas in a culture is ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 143 diffusion innovation 1 out of 1 points The spread of cultural elements from one culture to another is called ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 144 diffusion diffusion 1 out of 1 points Which of the following statements about diffusion is incorrect? Selected Answer: Ireland. Correct Answer: Ireland. Question 145 The cultivation of the potato diffused to the New World from The cultivation of the potato diffused to the New World from 1 out of 1 points ____ occurs when two societies with different cultures come into prolonged, firsthand contact, and one or both of these societies experience major processes of change. Selected Answer: Acculturation Correct Answer: Question 146 Acculturation 1 out of 1 points The extermination of one group of people by another, often deliberately and in the name of progress, is called ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 147 genocide genocide 0 out of 1 points A deliberate attempt by members of society to construct a more satisfying culture may be called a ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 148 secondary innovation revitalization movement 1 out of 1 points Which of the following are considered to be important precipitators of rebellion and revolution? Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 149 All of the above All of the above 1 out of 1 points The term "modernization" ____. Selected Answer: refers to the process of cultural and socioeconomic change whereby societies acquire the characteristics of industrialized societies Correct Answer: refers to the process of cultural and socioeconomic change whereby societies acquire the characteristics of industrialized societies Question 150 1 out of 1 points The violent eradication of an ethnic group's collective cultural identity is called ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 151 ethnocide ethnocide 1 out of 1 points ____ are the developers of the world's largest array of nutritious foods and the primary contributors to the world's varied cuisine. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 152 American Indians American Indians 1 out of 1 points Estimates vary, but during the 20th century, as many as ____ million people died of genocide and tyranny. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 153 83 83 0 out of 1 points Anthropologists are ____, meaning they take into account many interacting factors to understand the functioning of a complex whole. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: cross-cultural holistic Question 154 1 out of 1 points Anthropologists are trained to develop effective predictions of the future because they ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 155 all of the above all of the above 1 out of 1 points Which of the following expresses the negative consequences of global corporations on the international and domestic scenes? Selected Answer: Global corporations have become so powerful that they have been able to influence government decisions so that they benefit the company rather than the people. Correct Answer: Global corporations have become so powerful that they have been able to influence government decisions so that they benefit the company rather than the people. Question 156 1 out of 1 points In their search for cheap labor, global corporations have tended to favor ____ for low skilled assembly jobs. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 157 women women 0 out of 1 points One of the consequences of the development of global culture has been ____. Selected Answer: the disappearance of differences between people Correct Answer: Question 158 a resurgence of separatist movements 1 out of 1 points According to the authors of your textbook, ____ has become a direct threat to humanity. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 159 pollution pollution 1 out of 1 points Global warming is primarily caused by ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 160 burning fossil fuels burning fossil fuels 1 out of 1 points All told, about ____ people in the world are undernourished. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 1 Selected Answer: Correct Answer: all of the above all of the above one billion one billion 1 out of 1 points "Human nature": Question 2 1 out of 1 points Anthropology is particularly well suited to study human nature because of: Selected Answer: Correct Answer: its broad, generalized approach to the study of human beings its broad, generalized approach to the study of human beings Question 3 1 out of 1 points Selected Answer: Correct Answer: the study of human beings the study of human beings Anthropology can best be defined as Question 4 1 out of 1 points Selected Answer: Correct Answer: all of the above all of the above Anthropological investigation involves Question 5 1 out of 1 points Selected Answer: Correct Answer: everything about human beings everything about human beings The subject matter of anthropology includes topics pertaining to Question 6 1 out of 1 points Selected Answer: Correct Answer: all of the above all of the above The "anthropological perspective" Question 7 0 out of 1 points Selected Answer: biology In their work, anthropologists are careful to avoid studies involving Correct Answer: none of the above Question 8 0 out of 1 points Selected Answer: ethnology, ekistics, ecology, and ethnohistory The main subdisciplines of anthropology are Correct Answer: biological anthropology, archaeology, linguistic anthropology, and cultural anthropology Question 9 0 out of 1 points Selected Answer: Correct Answer: languages none of the above the history, structure, and interrelationships between Anthropological linguists are primarily concerned with Question 10 1 out of 1 points Selected Answer: Correct Answer: human social patterns and institutions human social patterns and institutions Cultural anthropology is the study of Question 11 1 out of 1 points Selected Answer: Correct Answer: all of the above all of the above As a discipline, cultural anthropology overlaps with Question 12 0 out of 1 points Selected Answer: Correct Answer: the study of the fossil record of human evolution the cultural anthropology of societies which no longer exist Archaeology is Question 13 1 out of 1 points Selected Answer: Correct Answer: human biological evolution and variation human biological evolution and variation Biological anthropology is the study of Question 14 0 out of 1 points Anthropology studies all aspects of human experience, all varieties of people, and present and past human populations. In other words, it takes Selected Answer: Correct Answer: a sociological approach a holistic approach Question 15 0 out of 1 points Anthropologists do not make judgments as to whether one culture's customs are as "good" as those of another, since Selected Answer: Correct Answer: to another cultures are always changing those customs that pertain to one culture may not be relevant Question 16 1 out of 1 points Selected Answer: Correct Answer: all of the above all of the above Human "nature" is determined primarily by Question 17 0 out of 1 points Selected Answer: Correct Answer: a and c b and c Which of the following statements is true about Charles Darwin: Question 18 0 out of 1 points Which of the following is not a distinguishing feature of human beings as discussed in class? Selected Answer: Correct Answer: language small brain size in comparison with many other animals Question 19 0 out of 1 points Selected Answer: focus on human cultural heritage To understand the complexities of human nature we must Correct Answer: carefully consider the complex interactions between human biology and culture Question 20 0 out of 1 points The biological classification (order) which includes humans and all of their close biological relatives is called Selected Answer: Correct Answer: prosimians primates Question 21 0 out of 1 points Selected Answer: Correct Answer: old world monkey canine Which of the following is not a close relative of humans? Question 22 0 out of 1 points Selected Answer: Correct Answer: monkeys apes The most sophisticated/complex animals next to humans are the Question 23 0 out of 1 points Selected Answer: Correct Answer: genetic drift all are evolutionary forces Which of the following would not be considered an evolutionary force: Question 24 0 out of 1 points Selected Answer: Correct Answer: stereoscopic/binocular vision reliance on instinctual behavior Which of the following is not a typical characteristic of primates? Question 25 0 out of 1 points Selected Answer: Correct Answer: none of the above are at all closely related apes and humans Which of the following are most closely related? Question 26 0 out of 1 points Selected Answer: Correct Answer: baboons chimpanzees Which of the following are most closely related to humans? Question 27 1 out of 1 points Selected Answer: Correct Answer: all of the above reveal the close relationship that exists all of the above reveal the close relationship that exists The evidence indicating that humans are in fact very closely related to apes is Question 28 0 out of 1 points Which of the following is not a trend in primate evolution Selected Answer: Correct Answer: increasing intelligence increasing dependence on instinctual behavior Question 29 0 out of 1 points Humans and apes may be closely related, but at least we know that humans are the only animals capable of Selected Answer: Correct Answer: tool making none of the above Question 30 0 out of 1 points Selected Answer: Correct Answer: none of the above the socially inherited portion of human behavior Culture is Question 31 1 out of 1 points Selected Answer: Correct Answer: all of the above all of the above Culture is Question 32 0 out of 1 points Selected Answer: Correct Answer: the utensils with which we eat all of the above Which of the following is/are part of our culture? Question 33 0 out of 1 points Which of the following is not a key word in defining culture according to Murdock Selected Answer: Correct Answer: by Murdock social all of the above are key characteristics of culture as defined Question 34 0 out of 1 points Which of the following is not one of Murdock's fundamental characteristics of culture? Selected Answer: Correct Answer: adaptive progressive Question 35 0 out of 1 points Selected Answer: Correct Answer: the lifestyle of a particular group of people all of the above A "cultural system" is Question 36 0 out of 1 points Selected Answer: Correct Answer: the study of nonhuman primates through behavioral analysis the study of humankind everywhere, throughout time Anthropology is ________. Question 37 0 out of 1 points Anthropology differs from other disciplines that study humans in its ability to ________ data from many sources. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: eliminate synthesize Question 38 1 out of 1 points As part of your job, you may study the frequency of blood types in human populations, watch the behavior of monkeys and apes, or dig for early hominid bones from East Africa. You are a/an ________. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: physical anthropologist physical anthropologist Question 39 0 out of 1 points Theories about the world and reality based on the assumptions and values of one's own culture are________. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: relativistic culture-bound. Question 40 0 out of 1 points Selected Answer: society. is usually associated with the study of North American Ethnographic fieldwork ________. Correct Answer: "is usually associated with the study of non-Western peoples" and "can be applied, with useful results, to the study of North American peoples" Question 41 0 out of 1 points Which of the following statements about chromosomes does NOT apply to chromosomes in humans? Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Humans have 23 pairs of chromosomes Humans have 46 pairs of chromosomes Question 42 0 out of 1 points In human mitosis, a cell with 46 chromosomes divides into two new cells, each with 46 chromosomes. In human meiosis, a cell with 46 chromosomes divides into four new cells, each with ________ chromosomes. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: 4 23 Question 43 1 out of 1 points Selected Answer: Correct Answer: at least three separate genes (called polygenes) at least three separate genes (called polygenes) Heritable skin color in humans is caused by________. Question 44 0 out of 1 points The study of inheritance in individuals tells us about how genes can be combined and recombined through sexual reproduction; but to see how species change over time as natural selection favors some combinations over others, we need to look at ________. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: gene flow populations Question 45 1 out of 1 points The Hardy-Weinberg Law is a theoretical model of a population that is ________. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: not evolving not evolving Question 46 0 out of 1 points Among the following factors that affect the genetic stability of a gene pool, which is the ultimate source of new genes that are added to the gene pool? Selected Answer: Correct Answer: natural selection mutation Question 47 1 out of 1 points Changes in the frequency of genes in a gene pool caused by accidental, random, chance events________. Selected Answer: populations" Correct Answer: populations" "is called genetic drift" and "is more likely to occur in small "is called genetic drift" and "is more likely to occur in small Question 48 0 out of 1 points The introduction of alleles from the gene pool of one population into that of another is called ________. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: convergent evolution gene flow Question 49 0 out of 1 points The process by which a population becomes better adapted to its biological and social environment is ________. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: genetic drift natural selection Question 50 0 out of 1 points In order for natural selection to occur, vast time is necessary for gradual changes to accumulate, and it was not until the early 19th century that the idea of vast time took hold as the field of________ developed. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: chemistry geology Question 51 0 out of 1 points This type of animal has a constant body temperature, the limbs are beneath the body rather than beside it, it is relatively intelligent, and has mammary glands to feed the young after birth. Which of the following best describes it? Selected Answer: Correct Answer: animal mammal Question 52 1 out of 1 points Selected Answer: Correct Answer: living in trees living in trees The word "arboreal" means ________. Question 53 0 out of 1 points The area of the brain that has enlarged dramatically in primates is the ________. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: medulla cerebral hemispheres Question 54 0 out of 1 points Selected Answer: Correct Answer: all canines less specialized in comparison with other mammals The teeth of primates are ________. Question 55 0 out of 1 points Selected Answer: Correct Answer: ape human The most helpless infant at birth would be the offspring of a ________. Question 56 1 out of 1 points You are visiting a zoo. There is a small, quadrupedal primate leaping around in its cage. It has a flat nose with widely separated, outward flaring nostrils and a prehensile tail. You classify it as a/an ________. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: New World Monkey New World Monkey Question 57 0 out of 1 points Selected Answer: Correct Answer: slithering brachiation The apes practice a distinctive form of locomotion called ________. Question 58 0 out of 1 points Selected Answer: intelligence Position of a chimpanzee in a dominance hierarchy is affected by________. Correct Answer: physical strength and size, rank of the chimpanzee's mother, motivation and intelligence Question 59 0 out of 1 points If you were to visit a primate group in the wild, the most frequent type of activity that you would be likely to see is ________. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: sex grooming Question 60 0 out of 1 points Which of the following primates has been observed hunting, killing, and eating small to medium-sized mammals? Selected Answer: Correct Answer: bonobos chimpanzees and bonobos Question 61 0 out of 1 points Selected Answer: is based primarily on dentition. The study of early primate fossils________ Correct Answer: "is difficult because primates lived in conditions that did not promote fossilization", "is based primarily on dentition" and "depends a lot on our ability to infer the way a whole body functioned based on analysis of only part of its structure" Question 62 1 out of 1 points An example of a species that became extinct because it adapted too well to its environment is the ________. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: dinosaur dinosaur Question 63 0 out of 1 points According to your textbook, ________ are relatively recent arrivals in the world, but their appearance was made possible only as a consequence of a whole string of historical events. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Fish Humans Question 64 0 out of 1 points Which of the following may have contributed to the development of bipedalism among the Miocene apes? Selected Answer: improvement in the ability to carry food from the open savanna to the safety of the trees Correct Answer: "the ability to increase the food supply by getting more seeds, leaves, and pods from spiny thorn bushes", "improved ability to carry offspring", "improvement in the ability to carry food from the open savanna to the safety of the trees" and "increased ability to spot predators on the savanna" Question 65 0 out of 1 points Existing evidence allows the hypothesis that apes and humans separated from a common evolutionary line sometime during the late________. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Eocene Miocene Question 66 0 out of 1 points Selected Answer: bipeds have difficulty changing direction while running A major disadvantage of bipedalism is________. Correct Answer: "greater visibility to predators", "the soft underbelly is exposed to attack", "bipedal creatures run more slowly than quadrupeds" and "bipeds have difficulty changing direction while running" Question 67 1 out of 1 points If you were living on the savanna, ________ would improve your ability to transport food, spot food and predators at a distance, and throw things to protect yourself. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: bipedalism bipedalism Question 68 1 out of 1 points Selected Answer: Correct Answer: to dig roots to dig roots The earliest tools were probably used ________. Question 69 0 out of 1 points Besides making food transport possible, bipedalism could have facilitated the food quest in which of the following ways? Selected Answer: In times of scarcity, their ability to travel far without tiring would help get them between widely distributed sources of food. Correct Answer: "With their hands free and body upright, the animals could reach otherwise unobtainable food on thorn trees too flimsy to climb", "With both hands free they could gather food twice as fast", "In times of scarcity, their ability to travel far without tiring would help get them between widely distributed sources of food" and "With the head positioned higher than in a quadrupedal stance, sources of food and water could be spotted from afar, thereby facilitating their location" Question 70 0 out of 1 points Louis Leakey made it possible for ________ to begin her landmark field studies of chimpanzees. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Sigourney Weaver Jane Goodall Question 71 0 out of 1 points One way to determine if people share the same culture is to observe whether they ________. Selected Answer: "are dependent on each other for survival", "are able to interpret and predict each other's actions", "live in the same territory" and "behave in an identical manner" Correct Answer: are able to interpret and predict each other's actions Question 72 0 out of 1 points Selected Answer: Correct Answer: A society can exist without culture Culture can exist without a society Which of the following statements about society and culture is incorrect ? Question 73 0 out of 1 points When groups function within a society with their own distinctive standards of behavior, we speak of ________. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: social structure subcultural variation Question 74 0 out of 1 points The process by which organisms adjust beneficially to their environment, or the characteristics by which they overcome hazards and gain access to the resources they need to survive, is called ________. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: biology adaptation Question 75 0 out of 1 points ________ refers to the position that because cultures are unique, each one should be evaluated according to its own standards and values. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Cultural materialism Cultural relativism Question 76 0 out of 1 points We now know that any culture that is functioning adequately regards itself as the best, a view reflecting a phenomenon known as ________. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: nationalisti ethnocentrism Question 77 0 out of 1 points Selected Answer: Correct Answer: directed change change through time Evolution is: Question 78 0 out of 1 points Selected Answer: Correct Answer: another changes in gene frequencies as a result of mutation any change in gene frequencies from one generation to Biological evolution can best be defined as: Question 79 0 out of 1 points An eighteenth century scientific classification of the living world, which reshaped scientists' way of thinking about the relationships between organisms, was made by: Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Charles Lyell Carolus Linnaeus Question 80 0 out of 1 points Selected Answer: all of the above Lamarck was important in the development of evolutionary theory because: Correct Answer: he gave an explanation for the mechanisms of change (which later proved to be wrong) Question 81 0 out of 1 points Selected Answer: evolution is a universal fact The principle of uniformitarianism refers to the concept that: Correct Answer: the geological processes at work today are the same as those at work in the past and can explain the features of the surface of the earth Question 82 0 out of 1 points Selected Answer: Correct Answer: the workings of genetics biological variation within species A major influence on Darwin's thinking was his observation of: Question 83 0 out of 1 points Which of the following is not a distinguishing feature of human beings as discussed in class? Selected Answer: Correct Answer: spirituality all of the above are distinguishing characteristics Question 84 0 out of 1 points Thomas Malthus: Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Darwin's thinking founded the first anthropological society in the early 1800's wrote an essay on populations which strongly influenced Question 85 0 out of 1 points Selected Answer: Correct Answer: selection published The Origin of Species in 1696 is best known for explaining evolution in terms of natural Charles Darwin: Question 86 0 out of 1 points Selected Answer: more animals become extinct than plants, natural selection The facts upon which the classical theory of evolution is based include: Correct Answer: over-reproduction, relatively constant population sizes, variability within species Question 87 1 out of 1 points Selected Answer: the environment chooses the best fit variants in a population to survive and reproduce Correct Answer: the environment chooses the best fit variants in a population to survive and reproduce Question 88 0 out of 1 points Selected Answer: Correct Answer: environment does not apply to plants tends to eliminate those organisms not well adapted to their Natural selection: Natural selection means essentially that: Question 89 0 out of 1 points For natural selection to aid a population in becoming better adapted to its environment, changes must occur that are Selected Answer: easily selected for anatomically Correct Answer: at the genetic level allowing themselves to be passed on to future generations Question 90 0 out of 1 points Selected Answer: Correct Answer: all of the above are discrete particles, which do not blend Gregor Mendel demonstrated that the hereditary units: Question 91 1 out of 1 points Selected Answer: Correct Answer: was not generally known until 1900 was not generally known until 1900 Gregor Mendel's work, published in 1866: Question 92 1 out of 1 points Selected Answer: Correct Answer: changes in the chemical structure of a gene changes in the chemical structure of a gene Mutations are: Question 93 0 out of 1 points Selected Answer: Correct Answer: artificial selection fitness Reproductive success is a measure of an organism's Question 94 0 out of 1 points The unit of evolution, i.e., the thing that actually evolves is the: Selected Answer: Correct Answer: individual population Question 95 0 out of 1 points Selected Answer: Correct Answer: would occur, but only slightly could not occur Without genetic variation, evolution Question 96 1 out of 1 points Selected Answer: Charles Darwin Correct Answer: Charles Darwin came up with the idea of natural selection independently of came up with the idea of natural selection independently of Alfred Russell Wallace: Question 97 0 out of 1 points Selected Answer: Correct Answer: long-term, species level evolution evolutionary change over short period of time Microevolution Question 98 1 out of 1 points Selected Answer: Correct Answer: long-term, species level evolution long-term, species level evolution Macroevolution Question 99 0 out of 1 points Which of the following is not one of the three overall themes that have characterized primate evolution Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 100 the retention of primitive/generalized mammalian traits specialized anatomy and physiology 0 out of 1 points ____ specializes in the identification of human skeletal remains for legal purposes. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 101 Archaeology Forensic anthropology 1 out of 1 points Which of the following is not one of the four branches of anthropology? Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 102 biology biology 0 out of 1 points A detailed description of a particular culture based on fieldwork is called ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 103 ethnoarchaeology ethnography 1 out of 1 points The branch of cultural anthropology that studies human languages is called ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 104 linguistic anthropology linguistic anthropology 1 out of 1 points The work of medical anthropologists sheds light on the connections between ____ both globally and locally. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 105 human health and political and economic forces human health and political and economic forces 1 out of 1 points The raw material for evolution is the unit of heredity called the ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 106 gene gene 1 out of 1 points Each species has a typical number of chromosomes, grouped in pairs. Humans have ____ pairs of chromosomes. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 107 23 23 0 out of 1 points The cells of your body wear out on a regular basis and must be replaced (new skin cells, new hair and fingernail cells, and so on). The process of cell division by which new body cells are produced is called ____. Selected Answer: meiosis Correct Answer: Question 108 mitosis 1 out of 1 points If you have a chromosome pair on which the alleles for a single gene are identical (for example, if you have the genotype AA for blood type in the ABO system), this pair is described as ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 109 homozygous homozygous 1 out of 1 points Inherited skin color in humans is caused by ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 110 at least three separate genes (called polygenes) at least three separate genes (called polygenes) 0 out of 1 points A ____ is a population or group of populations capable of interbreeding that is reproductively isolated from other such populations. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 111 taxonomy species 1 out of 1 points Primate characteristics are thought to have evolved in a(n) ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: both b and c both b and c Question 112 1 out of 1 points The first well-preserved "true" primates appeared about ____ million years ago. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 113 55 55 0 out of 1 points The only primates to be found living everywhere on earth are the ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 114 gorillas humans 1 out of 1 points As the forests diminished and the savanna expanded, populations of hominoids living at the edge of the savanna experienced selective pressures in favor of ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 115 bipedal locomotion bipedal locomotion 1 out of 1 points A gradual directional change over time can occur with in a single lineage, without any evident branching, is known as ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 116 anagenesis anagenesis 1 out of 1 points Reproduction involving the production of relatively few offspring with high parental investment in each is referred to as ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 117 k-selected k-selected 1 out of 1 points The "southern ape of Africa" discovered by Raymond Dart in 1924 was ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 118 Australopithecus Australopithecus 1 out of 1 points This perpetrator of the infamous Piltdown hoax was an amateur archaeologist, paleontologist, and practicing lawyer: ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 119 Charles Dawson Charles Dawson 1 out of 1 points The first clear and comprehensive definition of culture was made by ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 120 Edward B. Tylor Edward B. Tylor 0 out of 1 points The term "gender" refers to ____. Selected Answer: the sexual tendency of society Correct Answer: cultural meanings assigned to the biological differences between the sexes Question 121 0 out of 1 points The cultural definitions of what it means to be a male or female today ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: insignificant Question 122 are determined by biological differences stem from biological differences that today are relatively 1 out of 1 points The most important symbolic aspect of culture is ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 123 language language 0 out of 1 points The process by which organisms adjust beneficially to their environment, or the characteristics by which they overcome hazards and gain access to the resources they need to survive, is called ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 124 social structure adaptation 0 out of 1 points Humans' major mode of adaptation, which enables them to live effectively in diverse environments, is ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 125 biology culture 0 out of 1 points ____ refers to the position that because cultures are unique, each one can be evaluated only according to its own standards and values. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 126 Cultural materialism Cultural relativism 0 out of 1 points In the United States, the rise of private militia groups reflects the ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: culture Question 127 well-being of a group of people frustration of people whose needs are poorly satisfied by the 1 out of 1 points As part of your job, you may study the frequency of blood types in human populations, or watch the behavior of monkeys and apes, or dig for early hominid bones in East Africa. You are a(n) ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 128 physical anthropologist physical anthropologist 1 out of 1 points The Garbage Project in Tucson demonstrated that what people say and what they do can differ dramatically. For instance, investigators found that ____. Selected Answer: the amount of beer consumed, according to empty cans in the trash, was far higher than people claimed Correct Answer: the amount of beer consumed, according to empty cans in the trash, was far higher than people claimed Question 129 0 out of 1 points Which of the following is not goal of science? Selected Answer: Correct Answer: Question 130 only a and b to eliminate the need to use the imagination 0 out of 1 points A chemical alteration of a gene that produces a new allele is called a ____. Selected Answer: Correct Answer: meiosis mutation ...
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This note was uploaded on 05/04/2010 for the course ANT 201 taught by Professor Staff during the Winter '08 term at Cal Poly.

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