ATH 190 paper

ATH 190 paper - Janelle Jose April 8, 2010 Child Obesity...

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Janelle Jose April 8, 2010 Child Obesity
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Childhood obesity is a condition where excess body fat negatively affects a child's health or wellbeing. As methods to determine body fat directly are difficult, the diagnosis of obesity is often based on BMI . Body mass index (BMI) is acceptable for determining obesity for children two years of age and older. The normal range for BMI in children vary with age and sex. The Center for Disease Control defines obesity as a BMI greater than the 95th percentile. However they may indicate a tendency to gain weight easily and a need for changes in diet and/or exercise. Generally, a child is not considered obese until the weight is at least 10 percent higher than what is recommended for the height and body type. Obesity most commonly begins in childhood between the ages of 5 and 6, and during adolescence. Studies have shown that a child who is obese between the ages of 10 and 13 has an 80 percent chance of becoming an obese adult. The causes of obesity are complex and include genetic, biological, behavioral and cultural factors. Basically, obesity occurs when a person eats more calories than the body burns up. Although certain medical disorders can cause obesity, less than 1
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percent of all obesity is caused by physical problems. Obesity in childhood and adolescence can be related to a ongoing list of factors. The effects of eating habits on childhood obesity are difficult to determine. Some studies show that even though children eat an improved diet there was no effect found on BMI Packed foods from outside and especially beverages delivering empty calories are displacing more nutrient-rich diet
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ATH 190 paper - Janelle Jose April 8, 2010 Child Obesity...

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