SOC 101 - Janelle Jose Fall 09 SOC 101 1 Nature is...

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Janelle Jose SOC 101 Fall 09 1. Nature is biologically & genetically determined and Nurture are the behaviors learned over time due to the social environment & etc. The book describes different arguments in the nature vs. nurture argument. An example are two cases were brought up in lecture Anna (1940s, was locked in a room with no human contact, found at the age of 6 yrs and died at the age of 11 yrs old) & Isabelle (late 1940s, locked up in the attic with her deaf and mute mother, also found at the age of 6 yrs; went through intense language therapy and was at the intellectual state for her age within 2 years, put in public school at 9 yrs and by the age of 12 yrs she was as normal as any other child). Babies do not "naturally" develop into human adults; although their bodies grow, human interaction is required for them to acquire the traits we consider normal for human beings. The process by which we learn the ways of our society, through interaction with others, is socialization.
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2. Charles Cooley argued that most people’s sense of self is what you see in the looking glass (mirror). “Looking Glass – Self” is how you constantly try to judge how others judge you; an individual constantly adjusts their ideals based on others’ thoughts. Therefore, you evaluate how people evaluate you in every social interaction. Your ‘self’ is the sum of all the social interactions that you have had. George Herbert Mead came up with the “Theory of Self”. Every individual, the self is divided into 2 basic parts: I & Me.“I” refers to the part of the self which includes impulsive & instinctual desires. This is what you are ‘born’ with (the counterpart of the “id”). “Me” refers to the part of the self which includes the internalization of societal norms. The “Me” is the realization that we have to follow the rules. The “Me” serves to suppress those impulsive desires. Imitative stage– you don’t have the “Me”, you are basically made up of the “I”. At this stage a child cannot comprehend societal expectations & norms of the larger society. Play
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SOC 101 - Janelle Jose Fall 09 SOC 101 1 Nature is...

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