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chapter 16-6 slides per page - Topics Acid and Base...

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1 Topics Acid and Base Concepts Arrhenius Acids and Bases Bronsted-Lowry Acids and Bases Lewis Acids and Bases Relative Strengths of Acids and Bases Acid/Base Strength and Molecular Structure The Self-ionization of Water The pH Scale Seven slides following this one contain the review of concepts covered in chapter 4. Please make sure you go over them before the lecture. Classical Acid and Base Definition (Arrhenius Theory) ACID: any substance that, when dissolved in water, increases the concentration of H 3 O + ( H + ) BASE: any substance that, when dissolved in water, increases the concentration of OH - ions . Strong Acids and Bases In the Arrhenius concept, a strong acid is a substance that ionizes completely in aqueous solution to give H 3 O + (aq) and an anion. In the Arrhenius concept, a strong base is a substance that ionizes completely in aqueous solution to give OH - (aq) and a cation.
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