4. Social Cognitive %26 Constructivist (1)

4. Social Cognitive %26 Constructivist (1) - Social...

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Unformatted text preview: Social Cognitive and Personal Construct Psychology Lecture Outline prepared by Spencer A. McWilliams, Ph.D. for PSYC 334 Psychology of Personality California State University San Marcos Learning & Cognition Tradition of learning theory Focus on cognition (thinking) Mischel: Traits & Cognitive Social Learning Traits not correlated with behavior (r=.30) Traits describe, but do not explain Behavior specific to situations Responses and consequences vary Must understand persons reactions Cognitive Person Variables Personal constructs, encoding strategies How people describe, interpret, events Competencies: what can person do? Expectancies: what will happen? Behavior: what follows behavior? Stimulus: how will events develop? Self-efficacy: what can I do? Subjective Stimulus Value: goals, values Self-Regulation Delay of Gratification Difficult when rewards are visible Easier if thinking about something else, symbolic rewards, modeling Ego strength Cognition vs. Emotion Better life outcomes, better coping Albert Bandura Social Cognitive Theory Reciprocal Influence: relationship among Environment, Individual, Behavior We contribute to course of events Behavior changes the environment We both produce and are products of our life circumstances Fortuitous chance Human Agency 4 Core Properties 1. Intentionality Action plans & strategies for realization Accommodate, coordinate with others 2. Forethought Goals, visualized future Anticipate outcomes Purposeful, foresightful Provides direction, coherence, & meaning Core properties of human agency 3. Self-reactiveness Construct appropriate courses of action Motivate, regulate, the execution 4. Self-reflectiveness Examine our own functioning Reflect on efficacy, thoughts & actions Make corrective adjustments Self Self: A set of processes Perceives, evaluates, regulates behavior Self-regulation Setting expectations, standards Reinforcing ourselves for meeting them Setting goals Self-Efficacy Belief in capacity to produce a desired effect by our own actions Judgment about whether we have the skills or capacities Expectation of success Leads to more patience and perseverance Higher level of performance Less fear of failure, higher aspiration Source of Self-Efficacy Successful performance on own efforts Vicarious experience of success Observing consequences to others Internal success images Verbal persuasion People can encourage us to succeed Physiological/emotional arousal Emotions influence our confidence Observational Learning People learn from observing others as well as from their own experience Vicarious reinforcement: seeing the consequences of behavior in others Modeling: The Bobo doll experiments Factors in Modeling Characteristics of the Model Similarity (age, sex) Status, prestige Characteristics of the Observer...
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This note was uploaded on 05/04/2010 for the course PSYCH 101 taught by Professor Mcduffie during the Spring '10 term at CSU San Marcos.

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4. Social Cognitive %26 Constructivist (1) - Social...

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