238 0.6 wt% C, fine pearlite 0.6 wt% C, coarse pearlite 0.25 wt% C, coarse pearlite 0.25 wt% C, spheroidite The 0.25 wt% C, coarse pearlite is stronger than the 0.25 wt% C, spheroidite since coarse pearlite is stronger than spheroidite; the composition of the alloys is the same. The 0.6 wt% C, coarse pearlite is stronger than the 0.25 wt% C, coarse pearlite, since increasing the carbon content increases the strength. Finally, the 0.6 wt% C, fine pearlite is stronger than the 0.6 wt% C, coarse pearlite inasmuch as the strength of fine pearlite is greater than coarse pearlite because of the many more ferrite-cementite phase boundaries in fine pearlite. 10.31 This question asks for an explanation as to why the hardness of tempered martensite diminishes with tempering time (at constant temperature) and with increasing temperature (at constant tempering time). The hardness of tempered martensite depends on the ferrite-cementite phase boundary area; since these phase boundaries are barriers to dislocation
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