Reconstruction

Reconstruction - Reconstruction I. Presidential...

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Reconstruction I. Presidential Reconstruction a. Major Players i. White southerners—accepted they lost the war and wanted things to go back to the way it was before the war—expect to be in charge of the southern states’ government ii. White northerners—very divided group, still 2 political parties— democratic and republican, democrats much more lenient on the south, republicans were larger and more powerful, blamed wealthy slave owners for the war and the republicans wanted them punished, wanted to remake the south to be like the north iii. African-Americans 1. Northern blacks—free for generations, fought in the Union army, went south during the war and stayed south, they think they should be in charge of the southern blacks 2. Free blacks in the south—better educated, from urban areas, they see themselves as the upper class of the black community and should be in charge 3. Newly freed slaves—largest population of the blacks 4. The 13 th amendment gave all blacks full citizenship—vote, land ownership, access to education 5. A lot of blacks wanted land as part of the emancipation b. Lincoln’s Plan i. The Union is running parts of the south as the war is going on
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ii. Lincoln wants a new loyalty oath from the confederate states to the Union—10% of the voting population iii. Once that was done they could then create new state governments which had to include provisions abolishing slavery iv. Goal: get the south back into the Union as quickly as possible 1. Radical Republicans do not agree with this—think Lincoln is being too lenient 2. Wade Davis Bill—in order for the southern states to re-enter the union the majority of the white men in the south must promise that they have always been loyal to the United States government 3. Lincoln vetoes the law v. Lincoln says that the states have never left the union because it
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Reconstruction - Reconstruction I. Presidential...

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