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The Road to the Civil War

The Road to the Civil War - The Road to the Civil War I The...

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The Road to the Civil War I. The Antebellum United States a. Civil War began in 1860 b. The North and the South develop differently i. The North is much more industrialized ii. The only urban center in the south is New Orleans c. The south is agricultural—good soil, moderate climate, able to grow cash crops i. Initially growing tobacco, then sugar and rice—cotton production came later but was huge ii. Southern economy was completely dependent on slave labor d. Slavery and owning slaves was a social mobility for southerners—if you didn’t own slaves, you wanted to e. The north and south want different things for the country but they both want control of congress f. What leads into the Civil War is dividing up territory into states and deciding whether they will be slave or free states II. Political Crisis of the 1850s a. Kansas-Nebraska i. 1854—Stephen Douglas comes up with the Kansas-Nebraska Act because he wants a Transcontinental Railroad ii. He is from Illinois and he wants the railroad to go through his home state and the other unorganized territory so he wants to
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create 2 new states and that brings up the issue of slave or free states iii. Popular sovereignty—the people living in the territory would get to vote on whether they wanted it to be a slave or free state iv. Kansas-Nebraska Act repeals the Missouri Compromise and kills the Whig party b. The Republican Party Emerges i. Initially the Know Nothing Party emerged—anti immigrant ii. The Republican party comes at the same time but becomes more important iii. Base their platform on not extending slavery into the territories —anti-slavery NOT abolitionists iv. The Republican party does not exist in the south v. North characterized the south as 3 sorts of people—wealthy plantation owners, poor white trash, and black slaves vi. Politicians of the 1850s died—mental giants—and the men that replace them are known as the mental midgets c. Bleeding Kansas i. Kansas is ahead in population so it will be able to become a state first and this creates the race for if it will be slave or free ii. The southerners are rushing to Kansas and the North forms a group that sends northerners to Kansas—New England Emigrant Aid Society iii.
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