The Great War

The Great War - THE GREAT WAR I. WILSON'S FOREIGN POLICY a....

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THE GREAT WAR I. WILSON'S FOREIGN POLICY a. Affected by his views of the world. b. He brings moral self-righteousness in the presidency. He commits what his standards are to the rest of the world. c. He believes US should set an example and have little interest in foreign affairs. d. He is an idealist and wanted to create new world order. Believes that the US has a religious duty to advance democracy. Uplift other nations and sponsor reforms abroad. II. WORLD WAR ONE a. EVENTS IN EUROPE i. A Siberian nationalist assassinated the archduke, Franz Ferdinand in 1914. ii. Austria-Hungary declares war against Siberia and Siberia looks to its ally Russia. This triggers a system of international alliances. iii. Russia starts mobilizing for war and Germany is going to tell them to stop. iv. Germany then declares war on Russia and Russia allies with France. v. Central Powers—Germany, Austria, Hungary, Turkey, Bulgaria —major players vi. Allies Powers—Russia, France, Great Britain, Japan, Italy vii. Mechanisms of war are more efficient, effective, and deadly.
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viii. Over 61 million men serve on forces on both sides. ix. Main characteristics of fighting is trench warfare—outside of the trench is “no man’s land” x. Propaganda—British spread untrue propaganda of evils of Germany and cast the Kaiser of Germany as the devil himself, making Germany look like the bad guy. b. AMERICAN NEUTRALITY i. Before the war breaks out the US economy was in a depression but when the war starts the demand for war supplies creates an economic boom. ii. The allies need loans to get supplies and Wilson approves short term loans. Loan 2 billion dollars to the Allies and since we are neutral we also loan 27 million to the central powers. iii. Try to focus on freedom of the seas which maintains the ability to trade with both sides. iv. Great Britain is not happy about the idea of us trading with Germany and they want to prevent it. Germany has to respond because access the American supplies is vital. v. U-boats—submarines, attack without warning, lead to many casualties vi. Sinking of the Lusitania—British ship that had American passengers, attacked by Germans and the Americans were killed vii. Wilson remains calm and demands apologies, reparations. Germany does not want US to enter the war so they agree to stop attacking ships with passengers. viii. We side with Great Britain and begin building up our military.
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ix. Election of 1916—Wilson beats Roosevelt, very close race x. Wilson wants to try to peacefully mediate the problems in Europe but Germany decides to keep attacking ships hoping they can get a good “hit” and end the war without America getting involved xi. Zimmerman telegram—from German official to Mexico, intercepted by Britain and printed in US newspapers, basically offering an alliance if they attack US and they can get land back xii. 5 unarmed American ships sunk and this leads Wilson to ask for war, we side with the allies c. AMERICA AT WAR i. French insist that US send troops but at first our effort is to
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This note was uploaded on 05/04/2010 for the course HIST 2057 taught by Professor Rand during the Spring '08 term at LSU.

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The Great War - THE GREAT WAR I. WILSON'S FOREIGN POLICY a....

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