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Test 3 - Test 3 Family o US Bureau of Census-1982 Two or...

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Test 3 Family o US Bureau of Census—1982 Two or more persons living together and related by blood, marriage, or adoption. o AAFCS—1978 Group of two or more persons who share resources, share responsibilities for decisions, share values and goals, and have commitment to one another over time. Family Life Cycle o 1930s o Attempts to show change in the family system over time o Evelyn Duvall’s Family Life Cycle Begins with marriage Ends with death of both spouses Evelyn Duvall’s family life cycle provides us the most systematic, most widespread, long term use of the family life cycle idea. o Duvall attempted to provide a link between life cycle stages with the developmental task concept. Features of Life Cycle o Definite progress from one stage to another o Stages overlap and flow together o People influence each other
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o Stages have developmental tasks Unique features that are milestones or responsibilities of the approximate ages Developmental Tasks of Young Adults o Choosing a vocation o Getting an education o Serving the country o Become marriageable o Learning to appraise and express love o Choosing a marriage partner o Getting engaged o Being married Developmental Tasks in the Middle Years o Maintaining a pleasant and comfortable home o Assuring security for later years o Carrying household responsibilities o Drawing closer together as a couple o Maintaining contact with grown children’s families o Keeping in touch with brothers’ and sisters’ families and with aging parents o Participating in community life beyond the family o Reaffirming the values of life that have real meaning
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Criticism of Life Cycle o Number of stages isn’t important o Traditional stages o Affected by historical context or macro environment o Later years lumped together o Fails to recognize variations Life Span Development o Lifelong process o Begins with conception o Ends with death o No age period regulates the nature of development Some stages of the individual’s development can be seen as stage like, while others do not lend themselves to stage concept. They just appear. Factors promoting individual developmental change: o Normative age-graded factors Factors closely related to the individual’s age Walking, talking, kindergarten, first job, retirement Occur at certain times in history, they are events that produce dramatic effects on individuals World Wars, 1920s depression, Vietnam War, September 11 th , Hurricane Katrina These factors explain why people are liberal or conservative
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o Non normative life events Not normal, not experienced by everyone Accidents and chance encounters are non normative Some events are common to a small portion of the same age individuals; other events affect only a single individual.
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