paper history - Date Afaf Bennani Instructor Justin Bielx...

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Unformatted text preview: Date: 03/11/2010 Afaf Bennani Instructor: Justin Bielx Egypt and its capital Cairo during the period of the cold war. The cold war is a sort of geo-economical war between two political ideologies. After 2 nd World War, two blocks were formed: the communist group and the capitalist one. The U.S.A as a super power leader along with others western countries constituted the western capitalist block, whereas the Eastern block counted the communist ones, i.e. the USSR as the super power leader along with others eastern countries. Each block tried to form alliances with other countries in order to maintain their power and their technological supremacy over the others. And this is how Egypt came to play a role within this war. Egypt was tight between the two superpowers that are aiming to have more allies. Egypt was impacted by the cold war especially when it comes to the Suez Canal. Israel, France, Great Britain were all trying to have the supremacy which makes Egypt rely on the super powers to deal with this conflict. However, the population growth of Egypt’s capital , Cairo, was more important during the time of the cold war from 1945 to 2000. Having a great location and a large population, Egypt was a great target for the super powers. It suffered from the politic manipulations of USA and URSS as well as the other powers of the West ( France and Great Britain). Gamel Abdenasser, a renowned nationalist leader of Egypte chose not to align with any of the super powers. He wanted to retain his options and hold the virtues of positive neutralism to avoid falling under 1 superpowers’ sway. He still counted with the help of the USSR. . 1 However, Three years after the 1967 Six Days War, during which Israel had invaded and occupied Sinai, Nasser died and was succeeded by Anwar Sadat who used the support on the capitalist block. As we can see in the quotation below, the game of interest switched and the successor of Gamal Abdenasser, Anwar Sadat, decided to count on the help of the U.S. When Sadat expelled Soviet advisors in 1972, he “ switched Egypt's cold war allegiance from the Soviet Union to the United States.” In this context, Sadat launched a new economic reform that lies more on the capitalist views....
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This note was uploaded on 05/04/2010 for the course CHE 626 taught by Professor Smith during the Spring '09 term at A.T. Still University.

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paper history - Date Afaf Bennani Instructor Justin Bielx...

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