IR Chapter 3-1 Fall 2009 student

IR Chapter 3-1 Fall 2009 student - Liberal Theories Chapter...

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1 Liberal Theories Chapter 3.1 PSC 124 Fall 2009 Northrup
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2 Overview I. The waning of war II. Liberal theories vs. realism A. Institutionalism B. Regimes C. Collective security D. The democratic peace III. Domestic influences A. Military industrial complex B. Public opinion and “rally ‘round the flag” C. Media convergence
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3 I. The Waning of War
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4 The Waning of War In spite of increased violence in some  places, overall level of war and deaths from  war continues to decrease Early to mid 20 th  century, 10s of millions  died Early 1990s – about 1 million died from war  each year Rate now is 80% less
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5 *The Waning of War The  Human Security Centre  –  HS Report  2008 found decline in terrorism, conflicts, wars and  coups  o a sharp net decline in the incidence of terrorist  violence  around the world o number of conflicts being waged in Africa  more than  halved between 1999 and 2006;  o decline in the total number of armed conflicts  and  combat deaths  around the world has continued  o number of military coups  has also continued to  decline, as have the number of campaigns of deadly  violence waged against civilians * Not in book
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6 Decline in Conflicts in Africa Human Security Center – Human Security Report 2007
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7 Decrease in # of Coups D’Etat
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8 Overall Decrease in Violence against  Civilians
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9 How do we explain the waning of war if  the power politics of realism guides  international affairs?
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10 II. Liberal Theories: Alternatives to  Realism
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Perspectives on (Theories about)  World Politics The “lenses” we look through allow us to  explain phenomena e.g. the waning of war Questions: o WHO does international relations?  o WHAT is the nature of those actors? o WHAT is international relations? o HOW do interactions occur? o WHY do actors behave as they do? 11
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12 IR Theories  State-Centered    Theories Realism Idealism Liberalism        Social    Theories Constructivism Postmodernism Marxism Feminism(s) Peace Studies
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13 Liberal Theories - Principles NOTE: “liberal” in the theoretical sense is  different from liberal-conservative political  ideology Realism relies on dominance Liberal theories rely on the principles  of reciprocity and identity
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14 Neoliberalism – Reciprocity 1980s – new liberal critique of realism
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IR Chapter 3-1 Fall 2009 student - Liberal Theories Chapter...

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