IR Chapter 2-2 Fall 09 student

IR Chapter 2-2 Fall 09 student - Realist Theories - Chapter...

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1 Realist Theories - Chapter 2.2 PSC 124 Fall 2009 Northrup
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2 Today I. Alliances and alignments II. Statecraft, strategy, and rationality III. Game theory and the Prisoner’s Dilemma IV. The Bush Doctrine
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3 I. Alliances Definition Why important part of balance of power What determines the credibility of an alliance in deterring enemies Capacity Will Behavior Alliance cohesion Converging interests, habit Burden sharing
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NATO One of the most important formal alliances North Atlantic Treaty Organization Founded 1949 to deter Soviet power in Europe Initially Western Europe and North America Countered by Warsaw Pact (formed 1955, disbanded 1991 First use of force by NATO – Bosnia 1994 to support UN mission Current concern over NATO = its recent eastward expansion, beyond the East-West Cold War dividing line Russian opposition, perception of expansionism 4
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NATO Expansion 5
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Expansion of NATO 6
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Other Alliances U.S.-Japanese Security Treaty U.S. - 50,000 troops in Japan Created 1951 vs. Soviet threat to Japan Asymmetrical Recent tensions – e.g. rape of Japanese girl by US soldier - Okinawa U.S. has alliances with other states: South Korea (Council on Foreign Relations info page) and Australia De facto allies of the U.S.: those with whom we collaborate closely – Israel 7
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IR Chapter 2-2 Fall 09 student - Realist Theories - Chapter...

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