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IR Chapter 1-2 Fall 09 student

IR Chapter 1-2 Fall 09 student - Understanding IR Geography...

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1 Understanding IR: Geography and History (Chapter 1.2) PSC 124 Fall 2009 Northrup
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2 Today I. Finish from last time Nations/States Levels of Analysis II. Global geography, GDP and Assessing Wealth III. A Quick Tour of 20 th Century History! Colonial India WWI Propaganda in US War in Somalia
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3 II. Global Geography – Nine Regions
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4 Global Geography - Regions East Asia: China, Japan, and Korea Southeast Asia: Countries from Burma through Indonesia and the Philippines Russia is considered a European state The Pacific Rim : East and Southeast Asia, Siberia, and the Pacific coast of North America and Latin America Narrow definitions of the Middle East exclude both North Africa and Turkey The Balkans are the states of southeastern Europe, bounded by Slovenia, Romania, and Greece
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5 The North-South Gap Goldstein and Pevehouse: “the most important geographical element at the global level of analysis”
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6 Measuring a Country’s Wealth Gross Domestic Product is often used to measure an economy’s strength Definition of GDP – the total value of goods and services produced within a territory during a specified period (or, if not specified, annually) Most common calculation: GDP = consumption + gross investment + gov spending + (exports-imports) Per capita income also used to compare the wealth of countries
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7 Relative Wealth of States Why do we care about relative wealth of states? Pragmatic reason Stability (war vs. peace) Moral reason Justice
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8 Comparison of World Regions, 2007
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9 Cautions re Measuring Wealth and Wellbeing An average GDP by country may mask the situation inside the country Country 1 may have a high GDP where wealth is fairly equally distributed across the population, with some high income, many middle income, a few low income people Country 2 may have a high GDP accounted for by a few very wealthy people, while the majority of the population is poor Those conditions are significantly different Material wealth is not the only measure of wellbeing
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10 Map of GDP per Capita
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