IR Chapter 7-1 Fall 09 student

10 getting some perspective the cost of the un vs

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Unformatted text preview: world military expenditures: $1.2 trillion US and the world - data 2008-9 budget 2 billion [source] About $25 billion (about 2% of world military budget) [2007 data] In 2008, the US military budget was 48% of total world military spending (source) Annual regular UN budget: Annual total budget for all UN operations: 11 World Military Expenditures Timeline Source: Global Issues 12 Sovereignty and the UN Members are sovereign states who give consent to the UN to carry out its mission UN Charter Based on the principles that states are equal under international law States have full sovereignty over their own affairs. States should have full independence and territorial integrity. States should carry out their international obligations. Also lays out the structure of the UN and how it operates 13 Major Purposes: Charter "The purposes of the United Nations, as set forth in the Charter, are to maintain international peace and security; to develop friendly relations among nations; to cooperate in solving international economic, social, cultural and humanitarian problems and in promoting respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms; and to be a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations in attaining these ends." UN Charter in full on UN web page 14 UN Structure 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. General Assembly all states Security Council 5 great powers and 10 non-permanent rotating seats Secretariat - office of Secretary General World Court (International Court of Justice) UN Programs Autonomous agencies 15 Three Pillars World peace is dependent on the "three pillars" Security Economic development Human rights Restated in Oath of Office ceremony for Ban Ki-Moon, current Sec. General 16 The United Nations - History Found 1945 51 states Successor to League of Nations (post WWI) Was a post-WWII organization designed to help prevent world wars 1950s-60s membership more than doubled Why? How might this have changed the character of the UN? Which branch? 17 Cold War to Present Cold War few UN successes...
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