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IR Chapter 7-1 Fall 09 student

Amer s asia africa qatar peru panama indonesia sa

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Unformatted text preview: nzania, Japan Libya, Turkey Costa Rica, Mexico Vietnam Burkina 23 Italy, Belgium Slovakia Denmark, Greece Slovakia Denmark, Greece Romania Austria Croatia Proposed Changes of the Security Council Japan and Germany as permanent members concerns? European seat? India? Islamic country? Expand Security Council to 24 Members New permanent members? 24 General Assembly All states are members (currently 192) Functions and Powers : Control of finances for UN programs and ops (e.g. peacekeeping) Pass resolutions merely advisory Appoint non-permanent members of SC Elect members of UN agencies Coordinate UN agencies and programs (ECOSOC) Often venue for concerns/complaints of developing countries 25 Make-up of GA changed post-colonialism Info on the 64th session of the GA opened 9/15/09 ECOSOC Created under UN Charter Principle organ to coordinate economic, social, and related work of the 14 UN specialized agencies and five regional commissions It is responsible for: promoting higher standards of living, full employment, and economic and social progress; identifying solutions to international economic, social and health problems; facilitating international cultural and educational cooperation; encouraging universal respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. 26 Secretariat Secretary-General equivalent to president SG Ban Ki-Moon Nominated by SC, approved by GA Ban Ki-Moon from South Korea 2007 Web Bureaucracy for administering UN policy and programs Develops international civil service system diplomats and bureaucrats with allegiance to world SG serves as third party, good offices of UN Posts his priorities, statements, etc. 27 UN Programs Purpose - advance economic development and social stability (ECOSOC) More than a dozen major programs Funded by GA and donations Examples: UNICEF (Children's Fund poor countries) UNHCR (Refugees protect and assist) UNDP (Development in poor countries) Administrative programs such as UN System Staff College 28 Autonomous Agencies About 20 Ties to UN but not run by UN Specialized technical organizations IAEA (Atomic Energy Agency) WHO (World Health Organization) UNESCO (Education, Scientific and Cultural) WIPO (World Intellectual Property Organization) WTO, IMF, World Bank (World Trade Org., Int. Monetary Fund) FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization) ILO (International Labor Organization) 29 Peacekeeping The UN's own forces (borrowed) Calm regional conflicts, help implement peace agreements (Don't MAKE peace, KEEP it) Neut...
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