Unformatted text preview: US-Soviet conflict dominated world issues, prevented consensus General Assembly focused on economic and social problems of poor countries UN became more central to international security Successes in ending some regional conflicts 1987-1993 SC resolutions increased from 15 to 78 (65 in 2008) 1987 -1993 Peacekeeping missions increased from 5 to 17 (currently 15) Countries sending troops increased from 26 to 76
18 Post Cold War Recent Challenges Difficulties with some peacekeeping efforts Timing - Former Yugoslavia US contributions 1990 Iraq-Kuwait war 9/11 and US participation 2003 Iraq War created divisions Why would US in particular have tensions with the UN? What concepts that we've learned so far would explain this?
19 US-UN Tensions As hegemon, reluctant to give up sovereignty Pros: US power can be amplified or supported When US leads an international coalition Maintenance of international trade situation US dominance in some important IGOs, e.g. World Bank Bound by Security Council decisions (although has a veto) Bound by pressure of legitimacy of UN Coalitions can be formed against US
20 Cons: UN can constrain US US isn't strong enough to lead the world alone Security Council Decisions binding on all member states Re security situations: Define security threat Choose a response Enforce through mandatory directives/resolutions UN trivia "remaining activ 21 Membership of the Security Council 10 non-permanent members (2009) 5 new non-permanent members chosen every year for a 2-year cycle Each region of the world represented by the 5 new members 9 (of 15) votes needed to pass resolution Permanent members have a veto
22 Regional Representation on the UN Security Council
Region Perm. Members NONPERMANENT MEMBERS 2007 2006 2005
2009 N. America US W. Europe Russia/EE China Japan/Pac Mid. East Lat. Amer. S. Asia Africa Qatar Peru, Panama Indonesia SA, Ghana, Tanzania, Britain, France Russia China Japan Qatar Peru, Argentina Japan Algeria Brazil, Argentina Philippines Ta...
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