Unformatted text preview: CHAPTER 7.1 International Organization, Law, and Human Rights
PSC 124 Fall 2009 Northrup
1 Announcements Quiz this week on chapters 7 and 10 Exams will be returned in sections this week 2 Today
I. II. III. International order: How do states cooperate? Norms International Organization: The UN The system Structure History Peacekeeping Challenges and proposed changes *Women and peacekeeping
3 I. International Order Based on:
1. International norms Sometimes "just are" e.g. sovereignty Morality sometimes an element of power Morality claims can lead to conflict vs. stability 2. 3. 4. "Habit" - practices International institutions especially useful in times of change Some norms codified into international law
4 II. International Norms Periods of hegemony can contribute to building of norms Some norms are widely held, legitimacy Sovereignty Adherence to treaties In principle, genocide Veiling of women FGM
5 Some normative issues are controversial Factors "Shaking Up" International Norms End of Cold War Rapid shifts in economic participation and status of some countries (e.g. China) Information revolution Others? Economic globalization current crisis Global warming Increasing power of MNCs Role of US?
6 III. International Organizations (IOs) Intergovernmental Organizations (IGOs) Regional IGOs (EU, ASEAN, African Union) Global IGOs (UN, OPEC) Professional organizations Economic/business orgs Service orgs Political orgs Cultural orgs Religious groups
7 Nongovernmental Organizations (NGOs) IOs in the World Today Today 5 times the number of IOs than in 1945 Increasingly citizens, firms and governments cooperate/collaborate across borders Indicator of increasing international interdependence The "end of sovereignty"? Increasing power of MNCs corporate power as an antidemocratic force?
8 United Nations 64 years old this year (October 24, 1945) More prominent since end of Cold War World government NOT Major concrete purposes: Conflict resolution (collective security) Economic and social development Created to serve state's needs Designed for post-WWII world
9 A Controversial Institution Maligned by many Developing countries Developed countries Collective security Less powerful countries have a voice Symbol of international order, global moral voice Place where enemies can interact Coordination of development assistance Extremely important institution 10 Getting Some Perspective: The Cost of the UN vs. Military Annual...
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