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IR Chapter 5-2 Fall 09 student

IR Chapter 5-2 Fall 09 student - CHAPTER 5.2 International...

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1 CHAPTER 5.2 International Conflict PSC 124 Fall 2009 Northrup
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Reminder Next week Monday – chapter 6 Wednesday – review for midterm Format of midterm Matching Multiple choice Short answer essay
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3 Overview Conflicts of Ideas 1. Ethnic conflict and intractability - finish 2. Religion 3. Ideology Conflicts of Interest 1. Territorial Disputes 2. Control of Governments 3. Economic Conflict
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4 Ethnic Conflict and Intractability Socialization of children in Northern Ireland Collusion
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In the Stage of Collusion The conflict is celebrated The conflict is integrated into daily life The conflict is integrated into group identity So the possibility of the loss of the conflict is threatening The conflict is defended and actively maintained
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Images of Collusion: Dehumanization 6
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Tolerance of Extreme Groups 7 IRA Poster
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Protestant Paramilitary 8 The Ulster Volunteer Force
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Ritual: “Marching Season” in Northern Ireland Protestant Orange Order parade William of Orange’s victory at Battle of the Boyne 1690 Secured Protestant power and British rule in Ireland
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10 Tolerance of Violence Tolerance of violence High level of violence Sacrifice, martyrdom
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Hunger Strikes and Martyrdom 11
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Image of Collusion Hamas members at prayer in Gaza 2005 The conflict is integrated into daily life
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13 1. Religious Conflict Religion as one type of identity Therefore can evolve as an intractable conflict just as ethnic tensions can Religion often covaries with other identities e.g. Azerbaijanis-Muslim and Armenians-Christian Secular politics vs. fundamentalism
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14 *Defining Fundamentalism Merriam-Webster online: “a movement in 20th century Protestantism emphasizing the literally interpreted Bible as fundamental to Christian life and teaching” Has expanded to other religious movements that focus on literal interpretation
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15 *Fundamentalism Strict adherence to a doctrine, usually religious doctrine, although has been applied to Supreme Court and Constitution Literal “interpretation” of central texts Liberal interpretation may be seen as wrong, not true to the intent (God’s word, the intention of the founding fathers) Critical of “modernism” (which = reliance on humans to create, improve, reshape environment; flexibility in considering traditions)
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