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study guide 2 answer

study guide 2 answer - 1 Know about Thomas Malthus and his...

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1) Know about Thomas Malthus and his life and beliefs. Born in England in 1766, believed population growth would always press against the means of subsistence, unless it was prevented by some very powerful and obvious checks. . Malthus's day was Mercantilism, an economic system wutg stribg giv, oikices durected tiward tge accynykatuib if weaktg, more births equaled more workers . 2) Know about the Neo-Malthusians and their beliefs/philosophies See the consequences of rapid population growth not just in mass poverty but also in the deteriorating quality of the earth itself as a home for humans. They go far beyond Malthus’s “moral restraints” as a means of controlling population growth, supporting family planning, and abortion. Two major voices of Neomalthusian is Paul Ehrlich and Garrett Hardin. 3) Know about Ester Boserup’s main ideas. Saw another possibility, intensification of the agricultural system. Critical population densities could stimulate agricultural innovation and change. Malthus would argue that death rates would rise to curail the popluation growth and restore equilbrium. 4) And..Karl Marx’s ideas associated with population. Argued that no such thing as over population existed . 5) Understand the Demographic Transition Model: history; where was it developed; what does it imply; where do some countries fit into the model; is it relevant to all countries in the world? A relatively stable demographic regime with high birth & death rates to a similarly stable regime with low birth and death rates. England since 1700. The model illustrates the area with high birth rates and high death rate, equivalent to the preindustrial era in Europe, Nomajor world region remains in this stage, except: Sahel. Stage B represents a population with a high birth rateand a declining death rate, Many of the african nations are now in this stage. Parts of Asia, excluding Japan, China, Hong Knong, and Taiwan may also fit into this category. Stage C includes nations with high birth rates and low death rates, such as many of those in tropical Latin America and some African nations, where populations are growing. Stage D, is declining dirth rates and low death rates, latin America, peoples republic of china. Stage E depicts a pop. with low birth and death rates, includes the countries of the Western world and Japan. 6) How do birth rates in present day Sub-Saharan African nations compare to Europe in the 1700 and 1800s? High birth rate and high death rate is now high birth rate and lower death rate because of family size, healthy births, and more money 7) Urban dwellers and population trends. What can you say? Your text? in china, urban fertility fell a decadt earlier than rural area..due to precipitiously fell in fertility the population trends become prederence for sons among couples.
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