practice exam 1

practice exam 1 - MCB 181R Sec 001 002 Spring 2007...

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Instructor: Dr. S. Jorstad Exam I For multiple choice questions (each worth 3 points), bubble all correct answers (there may be more than one); there is a 1 point penalty for incorrect answer choices. For short essays (each worth 5 points): confine your answers to the space provided on the scansheet. Writing outside those margins will adversely affect the machine-scoring of your exam; you may use bulleted points to express yourself, as long as your meaning is clear. 1. There are many ways for humans to form ideas about the world. Science, as a way of generating information about the world a. relies on natural explanations for natural phenomena. b. requires direct observation of natural phenomena. c. insists that the supernatural does not exist. d. relies on sensory experience that can be repeated by any normal human being. e. is a body of unchanging facts, theories, and laws. 2. Science differs from other “ways of knowing”, such as religion, oral tradition, philosophy, etc., in that a. the practice of science is always objective and unbiased. b. done properly, science does not rely on authority or pre-established conclusions. c. science involves the generation and testing of falsifiable hypotheses. d. the practice of science is self-correcting, as new facts are discovered, and old assumptions are challenged. e. science allows for no uncertainty. 3. Important terms used in science sometimes have different meanings in everyday conversation. In science, a. a “fact” is an observation that has been repeatedly confirmed. b. a “theory” is a guess about how things work. c. a “hypothesis” is a testable, falsifiable statement about the natural world. d. a law is a fact that has been proven. e. a theory is a hypothesis that has been proven. 4. In class, we’ve discussed the idea that “evolution” can be considered both a fact and a theory. This is because a. the theory of evolution has been proven, and is now considered a fact. b. the term “evolution” is used to describe both the repeatedly confirmed observation of change over time (a fact), and the explanation of how that change could have occurred (and thus a “theory”). c. the terms “fact” and “theory” can be used interchangeably in science. d. the fact of evolution has been proven, and now can be considered a law. LK1 1
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Short essay #1: Please confine your answer to the appropriate space on the scansheet. What is the difference between “methodological naturalism” and “philosophical naturalism”? Which is part of the practice of science? 5. What are the limitations of science? a. It is limited to evidence that can be perceived by human senses. b. Scientists cannot help but be somewhat biased by their life experiences and
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practice exam 1 - MCB 181R Sec 001 002 Spring 2007...

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