aristotle 2 - TRAD 104 Nicomachean Ethics Book I (lecture...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
TRAD 104 Nicomachean Ethics Book I (lecture 2): Happiness and Virtue I. The need for a specification of Eudaimonia (happiness/flourishing): saying that the final end is Eudaimonia doesn’t take us very far; we still want to know, what is human Eudaimonia ? (1097b22- 3) II. The specification: Eudaimonia /the most final end is activity (/-ies) according to human excellence; that is, activity ( energeia ) of the human soul according to its complete excellence ( arete ) in a complete life. (This specification suggests that we will understand happiness more if we understand more about the human excellences (1102a5-7). Bks 2-6 carry out an investigation of the human excellences.) III. The argument for the specification: the function ( ergon ) argument (1098a16-20) Preliminaries 1. Ergon (function, work, job, characterizing activity): For many things, having a capacity to do some kind of thing (its function or work) constitutes an identity condition for being a thing of that sort, or constitutes what it is to be a thing of that sort — its essence. E.g., that an object has, say, the capacity to cut things in a certain way is part of what identifies it as/constitutes its being a knife. 2. Energia (activity, this word is a combination of “en-” (English, “in”) and ergon, so it literally means “in-workingness.” Energia means activity, not in contrast to passivity (as one might contrast active players in a game with the passive onlookers), but rather the logical category of activity as opposed to capacity (
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 05/05/2010 for the course TRAD justice an taught by Professor Smith during the Spring '10 term at University of Arizona- Tucson.

Page1 / 2

aristotle 2 - TRAD 104 Nicomachean Ethics Book I (lecture...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online