Foolscowardsargument - (From 5& 6 8 Fools and cowards...

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Exercise: Extract the argument at 497d-499d, putting it in premise and conclusion form. What follows is my attempt to do the same. To reduce to absurdity: Callicles’s contention that Pleasure is the Good, and Distress is the Bad. 1. The intelligent (clever) and the brave are the good people, fools and cowards, the bad people. 2. Possession of good qualities is what makes a person good. 3. Pleasure is the good. 4. Possession of (experiencing) pleasure is what makes a person good. 5. Possession of bad qualities is what makes a person bad. 6. Distress is the bad. 7. Possession of (experiencing) distress is what makes a person bad.
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Unformatted text preview: (From 5 & 6) 8. Fools and cowards enjoy as much pleasure, and suffer as much distress, as do the clever and the brave. 9. Fools and cowards are as good as the clever and the brave, and the clever and brave are as bad as the fools and cowards. (From 8 & 4 & 7) 10. Bad people are as good as good people, and good people are as bad as bad people. (From 1 & 9) Socrates draws the conclusion that we need to reject premises 3 and 6, and so Callicle’s hedonism – his identification of good with pleasure and bad with distress....
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