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lecture 1 aristotle - Trad 104 Nicomachean Ethics Book...

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Trad 104 Nicomachean Ethics Book I (lecture 1): Happiness as the Highest Good I. Recall the Starting Point of Ancient Greek Ethical Reflection: “What should my life be like?” II. Aristotle’s Notion of the Highest Good A. “Every decision or action aims at some good.” Two claims: a) every action has an end; b) every action aims at something that the agent regards as good. B. The end aimed at “is sometimes an activity, sometimes an end beyond the activity.” Where the end is a product of the activity, the product is more valuable than the activity. C. There may be a hierarchy of goods, in which some goods are aimed at (at least in part) for the sake of other goods. At the end of such an order, or chain, of goods, there must be something which is done for its own sake. D. If there is a single most final end, the highest good, it would have to have the following characteristics: it would be something aimed at for itself, and all other activities would be wanted for the sake of this supreme end (1094a18-24, cf. 1095a14ff and
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