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Trad 104 lecture 2 kant

Trad 104 lecture 2 kant - lousy job of securing our...

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Trad 104 March 24, 2010 The Good Will I. The Good Will and its Unconditional Goodness A. For a will to be good is for it to be worthy of moral praise. B. The good will is the only thing that is unconditionally good (“good without limitation” or “absolutely good”). C. The good will is good for its own sake (not for what it produces). II. What makes a good will good A. Acting for the sake of duty. B. Being committed to privileging duty over self-love. III. A will may be good, even if it suffers from some weakness. IV. Reason, will, and the purpose of our will/practical reason A. Our wills are determined by reason: that is to say, we have practical reason B. The good will as the purpose, or end, of our will/practical reason 1) Because nature does nothing in vain, our practical reason must have a purpose, or end – that is, a good that is well-served by having our wills under the control of reason. 2) This purpose or end of practical reason cannot be happiness, since our reason does a
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Unformatted text preview: lousy job of securing our happiness. 3) The only alternative is that the purpose, or end, of practical reason is to achieve a good will; and this makes sense, since the will cannot be good unless it is determined by reason. For next Monday (3/29) , please read: Section I of the Groundwork (pp. 7-18; 4: AA 393-405) and Korsgaard’s commentary on Section I (pp. xi-xv of her Introduction). What does Kant mean when he claims that the good will is good in itself, apart from serving any end? Give examples. Explain, in your own words, and illustrate, using your own examples, the difference between 1) acting out of self-interest, 2) acting from immediate inclination, and 3) acting for the sake of duty. Which motive does Kant think you have to act with in order for your action to have moral worth? State, in your own words, what Kant advances as the second and third propositions concerning duty....
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