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A YOUNG GIRL WITH DIFFICULTIES IN SCHOOL A Young Girl with Difficulties in SchoolNURS-6660: Role I: Child and AdolescentAssignment 1: Practicum: Decision TreeAssignment 1: Practicum – Week 1 Journal EntryA Young Girl with Difficulties in School1
A YOUNG GIRL WITH DIFFICULTIES IN SCHOOL Introduction Laureate Education (Producer) (2017b) presents a case of a Caucasian female 8 years ofage. The client visits the hospital with complaints of symptoms of decreased attention, loss ofconcentration, making careless mistakes in assignments, impaired memory, making spellingerrors, reading and arithmetic difficulties. As per the American Psychiatric Association (2013),that Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a persistent condition that is defined byloss of attention and hyperactive and impulsive behavior that is normally manifested for at least6 months. The manifestations interfere with normal aspects of the life of a person. ADHD is acommon condition among children and it is manifested through different forms which can beattributed to different causes (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). Attention-deficit disorderis caused by a genetic vulnerability, but its severity can be influenced by the environment. Theillness normally deteriorates in people subjected to conflicts and stress. The features of attentiondeficit disorder are related to its name. Issues of attention entail daydreaming, being unable tostay focused, and easy distraction. On the other hand, hyperactivity refers to feelings ofnervousness or fidgeting with tools available (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). Thisassignment aims to explain treatment decisions based on the presented case and provide ajustification for each.Decision OneHaving reviewed the incident of Katie, the Asian-American patient described in the case,the care provider diagnosed her with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder more specificallyinattentive form and this is on the premise of her presenting manifestations. Taking into accountthe definition of ADHD by the American Psychiatric Association (2013), the issue is aneurodevelopmental ailment in children characterized by a reduced capacity to regulate impulsesthat may include the inhibition of motor activity when necessary. ADHD impairs the functioning2
A YOUNG GIRL WITH DIFFICULTIES IN SCHOOL of the child academically, socially, and mentally and cannot be attributed to any other mental orclinical illness. The highlighted symptoms appear typical based on the provided information inthe scenario concerning the client. The patient's teacher filled the Conner's rating scale and theobtained score indicated that the client has reduced attention, gets distracted with ease, commitsnegligent errors in her assignments, easily forgets concepts already covered, poor in spelling,calculations, and reading. Katie's attention is shortened, and it is realized that she is onlyinterested in issues that fascinate her. She experiences challenges socializing with fellow studentsin her class and usually isolates herself during breaks. Besides, amid the evaluation in the