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A YOUNG GIRL WITH DIFFICULTIES IN SCHOOL A Young Girl with Difficulties in School NURS-6660: Role I: Child and Adolescent Assignment 1: Practicum: Decision Tree Assignment 1: Practicum – Week 1 Journal Entry A Young Girl with Difficulties in School 1
A YOUNG GIRL WITH DIFFICULTIES IN SCHOOL Introduction Laureate Education (Producer) (2017b) presents a case of a Caucasian female 8 years of age. The client visits the hospital with complaints of symptoms of decreased attention, loss of concentration, making careless mistakes in assignments, impaired memory, making spelling errors, reading and arithmetic difficulties. As per the American Psychiatric Association (2013), that Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a persistent condition that is defined by loss of attention and hyperactive and impulsive behavior that is normally manifested for at least 6 months. The manifestations interfere with normal aspects of the life of a person. ADHD is a common condition among children and it is manifested through different forms which can be attributed to different causes (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). Attention-deficit disorder is caused by a genetic vulnerability, but its severity can be influenced by the environment. The illness normally deteriorates in people subjected to conflicts and stress. The features of attention deficit disorder are related to its name. Issues of attention entail daydreaming, being unable to stay focused, and easy distraction. On the other hand, hyperactivity refers to feelings of nervousness or fidgeting with tools available (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). This assignment aims to explain treatment decisions based on the presented case and provide a justification for each. Decision One Having reviewed the incident of Katie, the Asian-American patient described in the case, the care provider diagnosed her with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder more specifically inattentive form and this is on the premise of her presenting manifestations. Taking into account the definition of ADHD by the American Psychiatric Association (2013), the issue is a neurodevelopmental ailment in children characterized by a reduced capacity to regulate impulses that may include the inhibition of motor activity when necessary. ADHD impairs the functioning 2
A YOUNG GIRL WITH DIFFICULTIES IN SCHOOL of the child academically, socially, and mentally and cannot be attributed to any other mental or clinical illness. The highlighted symptoms appear typical based on the provided information in the scenario concerning the client. The patient's teacher filled the Conner's rating scale and the obtained score indicated that the client has reduced attention, gets distracted with ease, commits negligent errors in her assignments, easily forgets concepts already covered, poor in spelling, calculations, and reading. Katie's attention is shortened, and it is realized that she is only interested in issues that fascinate her. She experiences challenges socializing with fellow students in her class and usually isolates herself during breaks. Besides, amid the evaluation in the

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