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HUEC 2040-CH. 1 OUTLINE

HUEC 2040-CH. 1 OUTLINE - Chapter 1 Weaving knitting 2 most...

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Chapter 1 Weaving & knitting - 2 most common ways of creating fabrics for apparel Variations: 1) Appearance 2) Drapability 3) Texture 4) Wrinkle recovery 5) Durability 6) Feel Yarn - made from short or long fibers that are twisted together Fibers - small, fine hair like; basic units of majority textile products FIBERS - Exist in nature or manufacture through tech. - “Generic term for any one of various types of matter that form basic elements of textile; characterized by having length of @ least 100x its diameter”—ASTM (Am. Society for Testing and Materials) - Differences among fibers from specific properties of each fiber YARNS - Most cloth that’s used in apparel and home furnishings is formed from yarns - Assemblies of fibers twisted or otherwise held together in continuous strand - Endless variety can be created; using diff. fibers, twisting fibers more or less tightly, combining 2 or more individ. Yarns to form more complex, or giving wide range of other special treatments *2 yarns of same structure will have diff properties if made from markedly diff fibers FABRIC STRUCTURES - Yarn can be transformed into textile fabrics by : o Pair of knitting needles o Crochet hook o Hand loom o Weaving o Knitting o Stitch bonding
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