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ANT 330 Notes - Matrilineal andand patrilocal Matrilineal...

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p/p patrilineal and patrilocal Matrilineal and avunculocal Matrilineal and matrilocal ANT 330 Notes January 14, 2009 Anthropology is the comparative and holistic study of human biology and human behavior --comparative: looking for similarities and differences in human groups, worldwide, in Africa (specifically), cross cultural comparisons --synchronic comparisons (in time) --diachronic comparisons (through time)—looking at hair styles from 1915, 1925, 1975, 2010 --ethnographic present Four Subfields: Physical- studies biological nature of human beings, human fossil record, population genetics, Cultural- cultures-learned, shared behavior, ---ethnography: detailed study of a culture based on field work ---Ethnology: comparison—can be done while not leaving library, comparative works ---French: ethnologie = ethnography ---field work—basis: participant observation—emphasize cultural relativism ----------culture is relevant to the people whom you are surrounded by—your society Archaeology-prehistory, material remains of human culture, Linguistic January 19, 2010 A culture : a society/group that shares behavior, relative geographic separation, relative linguistic separation Culture is a learned shared behavior Emic approach: from an insiders perspective, from folks IN the culture Etic Approach: outsiders perspective, or anthropological perspective, analytical All anthro writing comes from theoretical perspectives Anthropology is bound by a code of ethics --no secret research --people aren’t supposed to be hurt -- Principles of Professional responsibility Africa Introduction Environmental setting: 3 times the size of the US 11,700,000 sq miles Zaire: 900,000 square miles, as big as texas Alaska Indiana
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Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) Elevation: dinner plate upside down--plateau About 5,000 miles long Mount Kenya 17,000 ft high Freetown-Natural harbor Africa-inaccessible coastline, non navigable rivers Climate and Vegetation: Tropical Rainforests- thick vegetation, high rainfall, over 60 inches a year No cows in Africa because of tse tse flies Savannah: most of Africa is covered in savannah Clumps of trees—not forested Cyclical dry seasons-wet seasons Deserts: Kalahari- northern south Africa, Botswana, Mediterranean climate African highlands-Ethiopia, Kenya, Cameroon, NW Africa, varying climates January 21, 2009 Food Crops in Africa: Herders-Cows: manure used for fuel, milk and cheese, (bleed cows—tie on bandage, mix blood with their milk) also--Sheep, Camels, Goats, also eat fish if it is available—preserve fish via smoking them, also can trade fish Northern Africa: Wheat and Barley Mediterranean, cous cous, West Africa: variety of rice, Sorghum, millet, fonio, Ethiopia and the horn: fonio, eleusine, East Africa: millet, peal millet, corn (maize), sorghum Root Crops: Dark area of map yams (white) sweet potatoes, manioc, taro, peanuts, Tree Crops: Bananas, plantains, dates, There is no indigenous corn Tapioca comes from Maniot Plantains come from Asia Asia Minor-Barley and wheat Watermelon is from Africa Kola nut Disease:
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Lots of Diseases in Africa
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