Economics%20116%20-%20Lecture%2013%20-%20Final

Economics%20116%20-%20Lecture%2013%20-%20Final - Economics...

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Economics 116: Economic Development UC San Diego, Spring 2009 Prof. Karthik Muralidharan Department of Economics Lecture 13
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Administrative Stuff Midterm Will be returned on Thursday after lecture Detailed grading rubric and curve information will be put up on course website Average performance seems to be significantly better Lunch this week Tomorrow (Wednesday) at OVT at 12:45pm
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Lecture Outline (5/12/09) Health and Education De-worming and School Participation Historical Evidence on De-worming and education Historical evidence on life expectancy and education HIV/AIDS
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Background on Worms Among the most widespread diseases in less developed countries Affect ¼ of world’s population Particularly prevalent among school-age children Impacts on health well-known, impacts on education less clear
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Prevention and Treatment WHO (World Health Organization) has endorsed mass school-based treatment in high infection areas Cheap, safe single-dose medicine every 6 months Other pressing needs ( e.g. vaccination) led to debate over how high a priority Educational impact seen as key to policy debate The case for school-based health interventions: Solves the “last mile” problem of access to children What is the “last mile” problem? Potentially higher returns due to spillovers (high infection transmission)
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Primary School De-worming Project Intervention randomly phased in 75 primary schools in Kenya over three years, total of 30,000 pupils 25 schools in each group Group 1 received treatment first, followed by group 2 and then group 3 Twice-yearly de-worming treatments Randomization allows differences to be attributed solely to the intervention After phase 1, you compare group 1 versus groups 2 and 3 After phase 2, you compare group 1 versus group 3 (2-period effect) and group 2 versus group 3 (1-period effect) Medical baseline: 92% had at least one infection
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Impacts on health Substantial benefits to students in Group 1 schools compared to Groups 2,3 Prevalence of hookworm, roundworm, and schistosomiasis significantly lower : 27% vs. 52% Better height-for-age Good measure of overall nutritional status Better self-reported health
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This note was uploaded on 05/06/2010 for the course ECON ECON 116 taught by Professor Muralidharan during the Spring '09 term at UCSD.

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Economics%20116%20-%20Lecture%2013%20-%20Final - Economics...

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