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GMO - Darwin Quintuna GMO GMO the term for Genetically...

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Darwin Quintuna GMO GMO, the term for Genetically Modified Organisms, is a plant, animal or microorganism whose genetic code has been altered, subtracted, or added in order to give it characteristics that it does not have naturally. This process is called genetic engineering. “The use of the term GMO is in relation to the food that we eat, in that many crops and factory-made foods are created from genetically modified ingredients.” Products such as corn, to make them more stable and resistant to drought, disease and pesticides, genes from other plants, viruses, bacteria, animals, etc. are inserted into the product. The transferred gene, known, as a transgene, produces protein. It is these proteins that control the organism’s biological processes and determine its characteristics. The term GMO is mostly used in discussing plants that are genetically modified plants described as bioengineered or transgenic. “Scientists have traditionally bred plants for desirable traits. But conventional breeding is slower and far less accurate than genetic modification in producing the desired characteristics.”(msn Encarta, 2009) It was not until the early 1980’s that the first genetically modified a plan was created. It was the experiments in cross-breeding pea plants that lead to this foundation for modern genetics by Austrian monk Gregor Mendel.
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