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PHYSIOLOGY TEST- CHAP 40-49 Name: Chap. 40- Intro to animal structure and function 1. In a typical multicellular animal, the circulatory system interacts with various specialized surfaces in order to exchange materials with the exterior environment. Which of the following is NOT an example of such an exchange surface? A) lung B) muscle C) skin D) intestine E) kidney 2. The epithelium best adapted for a body surface subject to abrasion is A) simple squamous B) simple cuboidal C) simple columnar D) stratified columnar E) stratified squamous 3. A malfunction in this glandular epithelium could adversely affect body metabolism. A) thyroid gland B) sebaceous gland C) salivary gland D) bulbourethral gland E) exocrine gland 4. Matrices of connective tissue include all of the following EXCEPT A) chondroitin sulfate of cartilage B) actin and myosin of muscle C) plasma of blood D) hydroxyapatite of bone 5. Which of the following fibers is responsible for the resistant property of tendons? A) elastin fibers B) fibrin fibers C) collagenous fibers D) reticular fibers E) spindle fibers 6. Which of the following traits is characteristic of ALL types of muscle tissue? A) intercalated discs that allow cells to communicate D) a response that can be consciously controlled B) striated banding pattern seen under the microscope E) cells that contain actin and myosin C) cells that lengthen when appropriately stimulated 7. Skeletal muscle is A) smooth and involuntary B) smooth and unbranched C) striated and voluntary D)smooth and voluntary E) striated and branched 8. Cardiac muscle is A) striated and branched B) striated and unbranched C) smooth and voluntary D) striated and voluntary E) smooth and involuntary 9. Which of the following layers of the stomach is best described as being composed primarily of epithelial tissue? A) mucosa B) submucosa C) muscularis D) serosa E) mesenteries 10. What is the common functional significance of the many cells making up such seemingly different structures as the lining of the air sacs in the lungs and the wavy lining of the human intestines? A) increased oxygen demand from their metabolic activity D) greater protection due to increased cellular mass B) increased exchange surface provided by their membranes E) lowered basal metabolic rate due to cooperation between cells C) greater numbers of cell organelles contained within their cytoplasm 11. Which of the following is true of interstitial fluid? A) It forms the extracellular matrix of connective tissue D) It provides for the exchange of materials between blood and cells B) It is the internal environment found in animal cells. E) It is found inside the small intestine. C) It is composed of blood. 12. Which example best describes a homeostatic control system?
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