INDIANA WINE CHATEAU LECTURE 5b

INDIANA WINE CHATEAU LECTURE 5b - I NDI ANA WI NE Charles...

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Unformatted text preview: I NDI ANA WI NE Charles Thomas, M.D., FACOG President & Winemaker, Chateau Thomas Winery HI STORY That man has been making wine dates back to before early Stone Age, about 8000 years ago. Grapes and other fruits can spontaneously ferment into an alcoholic beverage from wild, indigenous yeasts organisms found free in nature. I t is therefore a certainty that the first wine was made accidentally. HI STORY-2 All of the thousands of grape varieties found in the world are believed to be derived from one parent grape Muscat Likewise, the location of these early grape progeners was in Mesopotamia, what is now I ran, I raq, and Syria. Since then the grapes, their clones, crosses, & hybrids have spread throughout the world. HI STORY-3 The first person to plant a vineyard was Noah. Jesus Christs first miracle was to change water into wine at the Wedding in Cana. Much of the dispersal of grapes throughout Europe was credited to Julius Caesar. By the time the America was discovered and populated, viticulture and HI STORY-4 Leif Erikson, the Norwegian explorer discovered America in the year 1000 and named it Vinland. After settling in America, wine was produced by the early colonists at home utilizing wild grapes. Earliest attempt to plant a vineyard was by the Spanish on Paris I sland, South Carolina, but no crop was ever recorded from that vineyard. HI STORY-5 The wine produced from local grapes was tart, astringent, and tasted odd. Numerous attempts to cultivate European grape varieties which they preferred to native grapes was fraught with problems: The weather too cold and wet The vines were destroyed by mildew, black rot, and phylloxera HI STORY-6 The colonists turn to beer, hard cider, and fortified European wines: Sherry Madeira And other fortified beverages: Rum Whiskey HI STORY-7 Thomas Jefferson was the most influential of the colonist and a strong advocate for wine. -His favorite wine was Chateau Yquem -He tried several years to grow vinifera at Monticello -He was a strong advocate of wine as a temperate beverage and said: No nation is drunken where wine is cheap. HI STORY-8 Thomas Jefferson and his administration was credited with providing the land grant for a Swiss entrepreneurial winemaker, J. J. Dufour, who planted the first commercial vineyard/winery in the United States, in I ndiana adjacent to the Ohio River at what is now Vevay, I ndiana. HI STORY-9 J. J. Dufour was born near Vevay, Switzerland in 1763. Eldest son of a 3 rd generation vineyard grower near the Swiss-France border. He worked in the vineyards 20 years before he realized his dream of coming to the U.S....
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INDIANA WINE CHATEAU LECTURE 5b - I NDI ANA WI NE Charles...

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