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SOUTH AFRICA AND AFRICA

SOUTH AFRICA AND AFRICA - South America Food Science 470...

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South  America & Africa Food Science 470 Wine Appreciati on Dr. Christian E. BUTZKE Associate Professor of Enology Department of Food Science [email protected]    765.494.6500    FS Room 1261
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  History   Geography   Statistics   Growing areas   Grape varieties   Wine styles South  America Africa
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World Viticulture 50º 20ºC 10ºC 10ºC 20ºC   0º 50º
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42 32 CA IN 2500 miles South  America
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42 32 CA IN Topography Seasons reversed ! Harvest February - April 
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42 32 CA IN Latitude Comparison
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42 32 CA IN Latitude Comparison
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South  America   Chile   Argentina
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Winegrowing Principles Chile  Coastal valleys  =>  Mediterranean climate   Humboldt current   => Cool air, fog   Along the  Andes   =>  Cool + irrigation water  Deep soils => protection from drought   Isolated location    Furrow irrigation =>  Phylloxera-free x
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Brings cold air and cloudy,  foggy weather to the coastal  regions and into river valleys  Creates fairly constant  moderate temperatures  Inland, the influence is most  marked at night, cooling the  hot summer air  Since Chile is so narrow (110  miles on average), many of  A frigid stream of water from Antarctica  Humboldt Current  
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History South  America
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The first vineyards were planted in 1541, after the conquest of the Inca  empire by Pizarro and his Spanish  conquistadores Incas had created a network of canals and furrows  Created perfect winegrowing conditions Cort é s had 10 vines planted for every native killed Grapes were used to make sacramental wine  Beginning in 1600, the cultivation of grapevines and wine production grew  rapidly, reducing the need to trade wine and spirits between Spain and  America  Chile
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A series of decrees from 1620 to 1654 prohibited new plantings and  imposed taxes on existing vineyards as protectionist measures for Spanish  wine exports Chile’s independence from Spain in 1818 greatly increased trade with the  outside world In 1830, an illustrious Frenchman, Claude Gay, persuaded Chilean  government officials to develop a state viticulture program looking for the  best vines for the region  Chile
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By the middle of the 19th century, a complete transformation of the wine  industry and the beginning of modern winemaking had begun In the mid-1800’s, everything  French  became fashionable in Chile,  especially winemaking Wealthy owners of copper  or coal mines invested in vineyards and hired French enologists Chile
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1850’s – 1930’s: Rapid development of vineyards and wine quality
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