Psychology 100 Exam 3 Spring 2009 A 1. An essay exam is most similar to the __________ method of measuring retention. a. recognition b. recall c. relearning d. production 2. If a child of age 10 made a mental age score of 8 on the Binet test, his IQ would be a. 80 b. 100 c. 125 d. 75 3. Interference effects on retention are greatest when the interfering learning is a. similar to the material to be remembered b. dissimilar to the material to be remembered c. unrelated to the material to be remembered d. similarity of the materials does not seem to affect retention 4. Which level of processing should result in the longest lasting memory codes? a. structural encoding b. mnemonic encoding c. semantic encoding d. phonemic encoding 5. The memory system that contains words, definitions, events, and ideas is the a. episodic memory system b. declarative memory system c. procedural memory system d. assimilative memory system 6. Terman's longitudinal study of gifted individuals has shown that gifted children a. tend to be below average in physical and emotional health b. tend to be above average in physical and emotional health c. become adults who are no more successful than average d. tend to conform to society's traditional view of the gifted 7. Research has related which of the following physiological processes to memory functioning? a. alterations in synaptic transmission b. the creation of localized neural circuits in the brain c. hormonal fluctuations d. all three of these physiological processes 8. If a test accurately measures what it was designed to measure, we would say that the test is a. valid b. empirical c. normative d. consistent 9. The memory system that has an almost unlimited storage capacity is a. time-based memory b. long-term memory c. working memory d. auditory sensory memory 10. Loftus' work on eyewitness testimony has clearly demonstrated that a. memory errors come mostly from erroneous original encoding b. most memory errors are constructive c. information given after an event can alter a person's memory of the event d. most memory errors are simply omissions of details of the event
11. A retrieval cue is a. a brain structure stimulus used to locate a particular memory b. the same thing as an elaboration encoding variable c. a stimulus associated with a memory that is used to locate that memory d. always based on the mood you were in when a memory was first encoded 12. Focusing awareness on a narrow range of stimuli or events involves a. encoding b. attention c. elaboration d. clustering 13. Larry tells you that his 10-year-old cousin recently completed an intelligence test that translated raw scores into deviation IQ scores. Larry knows that his cousin's score was 120, but he is not sure what this means. You should tell him that his cousin a. scored below the mean for 10-year-olds b. answered 120 questions correctly on the test c. scored above the mean for 10-year-olds d. scored at the mean for the average 12-year-old 14. If you suffer from an inability to recall old memories as a result of brain trauma, you have a case of
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