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Unformatted text preview: P SYCHOLOGY S TUDY G UIDE T EST 4 M ODULE 43 Attribution theory - theory of personality that seeks to explain how we decide what the specific causes of that person’s behavior are Situational causes – perceived causes of behavior that are based on environmental factors Dispositional causes – perceived causes of behavior that are based on internal traits or personality factors Halo effect – a phenomenon in which an initial understanding that a person has positive traits is used to infer other uniformly positive characteristics ex: unsociable, argumentative = lazy Assumed-similarity bias – the tendency to think of people as being similar to oneself, even when meeting them for the first time Self-serving bias – the tendency to attribute personal success to personal factors and attribute failure to factors outside of oneself ex: when fans asked about game, we won / they lost Fundamental attribution error – a tendency to exaggerate the importance of personality characteristics in producing others’ behavior, which minimizes the influence of the environment Ex: say the reason a person is late because they are too lazy to get up and catch...
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This note was uploaded on 05/07/2010 for the course PSYC 110 taught by Professor Loriromero during the Spring '10 term at University of Louisville.
- Spring '10