Test3 - Chapter 10 Parenting Early Adolescents 345...

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Chapter 10 Parenting Early Adolescents 345 Relationships in Early Adolescence Lecture Sleep changes during puberty 346-347 o Melatonin secretion changes, later onset of sleep Whether family conditions can cause early menarche for girls and/or early puberty for boys 347 Larson & Richards’ findings about mood during early adolescence 351-352 o Emotional life becomes more complex o Rarely experience 2 feelings at the same time o Overall mood resembles parents, although more highs and lows (heightened self consciousness) o Low to medium stress o Depressed and negative moods increase Family characteristics in boys versus girls who rate high in identity exploration 352 o Boys rank high come from families where they express their opinions, receive support even when parents disagree o Girls rank high come from families where they are challenged, receive little support from contentious parents Cross’s two aspects of identity 353 o Personal identity – self esteem & general personality traits o Reference group orientation – group identity, group awareness & group attitudes (racial) Factors related to overcontrol in men (according to Block) 355 o Authoritarian & highly controlling parents Parent-child conflict in early adolescence 355-356 Anne C. Petersen’s thoughts on whether parents should be their children’s friend 357 o Need to be parents, provide unconditional love, firm guidelines and strong expectations How Little League coaches can increase players’ enjoyment and self-esteem 367 o Encouraging attitude o Give information on how to improve o Positive reinforcement for effort & accomplishments o Stress fun & self improvement rather than winning School Parental involvement – engaged in schoolwork and activities Important for all ethnic groups Important for economically disadvantaged youth
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Positive views of abilities Engagement in school Better attendance Higher grades No parental involvement Negative beliefs about abilities Fail to attend Fail to do homework Negative view of self-worth Poor grades Parent-Child Relationships 355 Spend ½ much time together as did in middle childhood (elementary school) Parent-child conflict Chores, curfew, physical appearance Family decision making Authoritative parenting Parents and children are frequently alone and family activities at home and with relatives decrease If parents don’t include adolescents in family decision making, children become highly peer oriented because they seek egalitarian relationships that they don’t experience with parents only 10% of families face serious relationship problems When parents monitor behavior with youth but permit them input in making decisions, the adolescents are better adjusted Authoritative parenting (accepting, responding to needs while maintaining reasonable limits) related to effective, responsible behavior, higher self-esteem, self-control Be flexible
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