ws_usap_ch20_web - Chapter 20; Politics and Expansion in an...

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Chapter 20; Politics and Expansion in an Industrializing Age, 1877-1900 T. White-Schwoch Notes © Travis White-Schwoch, 2006, and are based on Boyer, Clark, Kent, and Salisbury, Sitkoff, and Woloch, The Enduring Vision: A History of the American People . Please do not distribute or reproduce without express permission. For more information visit www.whiteschwoch.com . KEY QUESTIONS! How did the Democratic and Republican parties build coalitions of loyal followers out of their diverse ethnic and regional constituencies? How did environmental factors influence the rise of the Grange and the Farmsers’ Alliance movements? Why was the election of 1896 a watershed event? Why did William Jennings Bryan fail to win the presidency? Why did the United States go to war with Spain and become an imperial power? PARTY POLITICS IN AN ERA OF SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC UPHEAVAL, 1877-1884 Contested Political Visions Parties now used moral justifications and encouragements for voters Neither Reps nor Dems thought gov’t had right interact w/ industry/corps— laissez-faire; did however encourage econ growth People turned to local gov’ts to regulate ind., state/city gov’ts vied for pwr Patterns of Party Strength 1870s-80s each party had own regional centers strength/appeal Dems anti-prohib., pro-immigrant appeal; Reps rural appeal Grand Army of the Republic (GAR)—N Civ War vets, lobbied for Reps Many people chose family ties/values, relig., ethnic hist. to choose elections The Hayes White House: Virtue Restored Rutherford B. Hayes, “appealing but pliable” restored respect to pres. Regulating the Money Supply Issue of how to create adequate money supple w/o inflation Question of gold/silver backing and “greenbacks” Sherman Silver Purchase Act of 1890—Treasury to by 4.5 mill oz. silver/month, and issue notes redeemable in silver/gold
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ws_usap_ch20_web - Chapter 20; Politics and Expansion in an...

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