Chapter 9-pgs 292-299 - A.P US Mods 6/7/8 Notes for pgs 292...

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A.P. US Artem Kholodenko Mods 6/7/8 0109 Notes for pgs. 292 – 299 The Rise of Manufacturing Transition Stages of Change Causes of Industrialization Immigration is a Factor New England   - Manufacturing is “making by hand”, by which most products were  made in the colonial era, but between 1815 and 1860 a transition  went on to change that - Household production went down while factories took their place,  yet small shops still produced a great deal - In 1860, the average workplace had about 8 people and few  believed in industrialization thinking of the US as a place of  farmers and small producers, but this was misleading - By 1850 20% were in manufacturing and produced 30% of the  national output, and not just textiles were effected - There were several stages of industrialization: 1 st  instead of one  person making a whole product they just made a part of it and  passed it on; 2 nd  the workers were gathered in factories with  rooms that had special machines and set-ups for the jobs; 3 rd  power-driven machinery replaced hand-driven one - The changes went faster in some parts of the country like NE  than in others including the shoe, hat, and guns industry - The Embargo Act of 1807 forced some merchants to turn to  factories, and War of 1812 forced tariffs that brought back the US  economy, especially in the 1820s, with English cloth being less  imported and US rose 15.4% every year in cloth products - Improvements in transportation made it possible to move large  amounts of products and people preferred factory and not home  made products - Immigration also was a factor with 5 mil. moving from Europe to  US between 1790 and 1860 - Some escaped political oppression, but more searched for  economic opportunities and were all laborers and consumers - Most of hem were German or Irish and 80% came after 1840 and  a small # of British - Britain had a head start, but US made personal contributions like 
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This note was uploaded on 05/07/2010 for the course HISTORY History taught by Professor Mr.beckler during the Spring '10 term at Alabama State University.

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Chapter 9-pgs 292-299 - A.P US Mods 6/7/8 Notes for pgs 292...

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