{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

Study sheet midterm hist 101

Study sheet midterm hist 101 - Study sheet midterm hist 101...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Study sheet midterm hist 101 1. formation of Athenian empire: A. Homer and history - homer did not live until 725 bc or earlier but and oral tradition of poetry going back to Mycenaean times means the iliad and the odyssey are based on a kernel of historical truth -expresses the heroic and aristocratic values of elite men and women that would influence greek antiquity for centuries A. The Persian wars, 499-479 bc 1. Greek city states under Persian rule since 540s - led by Miletus, greek city states rose in revolt ag Persia in 499bc. Coalition broke down after Athens withdrew its troops and was crushed by Persia. - Darius I sent naval expedition to Athens. Athens retaliated and defeated Persia in a sound victory. - Rematch occurred when Xerxes sent force of a thousand ships to Athens. Athens joined by Sparta and 29 other Peloponnesian poleis in Hellenic league of defense -persia invaded Greece in 480 bc and passed through central Greece crushing the Spartans. Greeks then defeated Persians crushing the remaining forces and forcing the others to retreat. The Greeks liberated the Ionians. Persia lost its eastern Aegean Empire. Greeks regarded the Persians thereafter as barbarians and Greeks became more aware of their common culture. B. After the defeat of Persian invaders in 479, Athenians organized mutual defense league called the Delian League among the smaller greek states, with it as the strongest member. Eventually Athens converted it to an empire under Athenian control arousing suspicion among other greek states. -athenians saw no conflict bet. Imperialism and democracy- strong states should dominate weaker ones C. Struggles to Dominate Greece 1. constant struggle in diplomacy and war among city states -athens expanded it’s power as hegemon of new security organization: Delian League aimed at protecting greek lands and destroying the Persians. Alliances grew to 250 in 431 bc. - Major allied states rebelled but Athens crushed each rebellion. Turned to Sparta, greece’s greatest land power vs. Athens Greece’s greatest sea power - Melian dialogue : island of melos invaded, unprovoked act of aggression. Athens destroyed the melians and colonized the territory 3. The Peloponnesian War (431 – 404 bc) -ideological struggle - democratic Athens and oligarchic Sparta sought to promote respective ideologies -balance of power shifted after failed Athenian attempt to conquer sicily leading to thousands of causalities. Most of the Athenian Empire thereinafter revolted. -persia aligned itself with Sparta in a deal to restore ionia -Sparta won the war but made poor leaders as diplomats and policy makers. Had falling out with Athenian’s former empire
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
-sparta suffered decline in number of citizens because they could no longer afford to live as elite soldiers - 371 bc: Boeotian army crushed the Spartans and restored Messenia to independence -result was: none of the greek city states had been able to maintain hegemony -the absence of cooperative value left Greece open to invasion 2. emergence of democracy in ancient Athens A. society and politics in archaic Greece 750-500bc
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern