HAA1 Readings Post Midterm

HAA1 Readings Post Midterm - Anthony Aveni: Nasca: Eighth...

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Anthony Aveni: Nasca: Eighth Wonder of the World Three defining features of a wonder of the world o One of a kind o Must have taken inconceivable effort to build o Must leave timeless message Nasca lines should be considered a wonder of the world Inca people conceived of their capital city in a spoke-and wheel plan, with roads radiating out from a central point—the temple of the Ancestors at the heart of the city. Nasca lines are also organized radically—seems related to how Incas organized their cities. The lines emanate from ray centers. Archeologists argue that lines were meant to be walked and experienced, not viewed in a detached manner. Maria Reiche, a German math teacher, thought that Nasca lines mapped the stars, planets and the passage of time. She was probably wrong. There have been all kinds of crazy propositions as to the how the lines originally functioned, some of which related to extraterrestrials We must keep in mind that lines were built over a long stretch of time and probably saw many cultural transitions. They may have served many different purposes They seem connected to underground irrigation ducts. Straight lines seem to trace the ducts Proposition that lines are linked to long-distance pilgrimages We do know that people would walk the lines for a variety of reasons, one of which was to pray to the mountain gods for water Walking the lines was ritualized, different social groups may have walked different lines. Expressed social status. Comparison to Spiral Jetty—perhaps Nazca lines are not unique, they are just one of countless attempts to humans to move and shape the land on a grand scale. Spiral Jetty is reminiscent of many of the Nazca spirals. Why do people make such massive environmental works of art? o Boasting of conquest of nature o Seeking mysteries hidden in the earth—spiritual motive List of 7 wonders was originally made by Palestinian travel writer Antipater in the 2 nd C BC Lines are formed by etching away top layer of rock, letting the lower layer, which is unoxidized and lighter in color, show through. Wind and water erosion is minimal so lines have stayed in place. Vast majority of lines are geometric shapes and lines, but the eye-catchers are figural— the monkey, the hummingbird, the lizards. Many of the figures are highly abstract, and are made with a single, continuous line. There are a lot of zig zagging patterns, which could be connected to the weaving and textile tradition of the Nazca people Nazca lines are mathematically very sophisticated and clearly took careful planning. The spirals they constructed are nearly perfect Reiche suggests that this was done using compass-like devices made of poles and ropes
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Water was very precious to the region. Water was seen as a life source, and is integral to understanding the lines. Many lines trace water irrigation ducts, others were used in rituals to get the mountain gods to send rain. Robert Morris:
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HAA1 Readings Post Midterm - Anthony Aveni: Nasca: Eighth...

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