Baroque Music Finals Study Guide

Baroque Music Finals Study Guide - Baroque Music Finals...

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Baroque Music Finals Study Guide 1. Musical Components Allegory Allemande : slow, in common meter Antiphonal/antiphonal : sound against sound. Voice(s) alternating melodies. Aria : Displays emotion. Relatively short text, regular rhyme, metrical schemes, often 2+ strophes/stanzas. Through-composed/strophic. Voice and continuo. Strophic aria : aria whose text comprises 2+ stanzas having the same poetic structure, each sung to same or similar music. De capo aria : aria whose text comprises 2 stanzas often expressing contrasting idea/emotions (ABA form) A: orchestra ritornello (tonic), first line of text (transition to dominant), orchestra ritornello (dominant), first line of text developed (transition to tonic), orchestra ritornello (tonic) B: remaining line of texts (vi or minor) A: same as the other A section but with first line of text embellished Augmentation : other voices foreshadow or echo soprano entrances. Bach - Brandenburg Concerto #2 in F Major : Dedicated to the Margrave (governor) of Brandenburg. Written for trumpet in F, flute (recorder), oboe, and violin. Accompanied by string tutti and basso continuo (cello & harpsichord). Bach- Cantana #127 : composed for Sunday b4 ash Wednesday : Sermon in Lutheran churches on Luke 18: 31-33 (Christ tells 12 apostles that he death and resurrection of the son of man had been foretold by the prophets of old) : This is a Chorale cantata, based on a chorale by Paul Eber, composed in the 1500s, and harmonized by Bach as the fifth movement of this piece. Bach- Fugue in G minor : 3 parts: subject, answers, episode. Subject: stretto (when the answer comes in before the first part is done w/ solo). Single melody line that begins the music Exposition: free counterpoint (bridge in text). Connective tissue. Irrelevant Episode: time-out Bach- Herr Jesu Christ : German sacred Cantata (aka. Chorale Cantata) Baroque suite : 4 dance movements- Allemande, courante, sarabande, gigue. Each dance in binary form w/ each half repeated and in diff. keys. Biber - Sonata 5 Cadences : Musical punctuation at end of phrases, marking distinct sections or segments; temporary or full resting places (like semicolon or period). In polyphonic music, all voices come to rest at the same time on the most important cadences. Capella : means “chorus” but came to mean opt. vocal chorus. Carissimi- Jephte : oratorio. Jephtha promised to sacrifice the first person he sees on his return home, which is his daughter. Chaconne : similar to passacaglias. Triple meter dances w/ repeating based line. Chromaticism
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Baroque Music Finals Study Guide - Baroque Music Finals...

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