Baroque Music Finals Study Guide
: slow, in common meter
: sound against sound. Voice(s) alternating melodies.
: Displays emotion. Relatively short text, regular rhyme, metrical schemes, often 2+ strophes/stanzas.
Through-composed/strophic. Voice and continuo.
: aria whose text comprises 2+ stanzas having the same poetic structure, each sung to
same or similar music.
De capo aria
: aria whose text comprises 2 stanzas often expressing contrasting idea/emotions (ABA
A: orchestra ritornello (tonic), first line of text (transition to dominant), orchestra ritornello
(dominant), first line of text developed (transition to tonic), orchestra ritornello (tonic)
B: remaining line of texts (vi or minor)
A: same as the other A section but with first line of text embellished
: other voices foreshadow or echo soprano entrances.
Brandenburg Concerto #2 in F Major
: Dedicated to the Margrave (governor) of Brandenburg.
Written for trumpet in F, flute (recorder), oboe, and violin. Accompanied by string tutti and basso
continuo (cello & harpsichord).
Bach- Cantana #127
: composed for Sunday b4 ash Wednesday
: Sermon in Lutheran churches on Luke 18: 31-33 (Christ tells 12 apostles that he death and resurrection
of the son of man had been foretold by the prophets of old)
: This is a Chorale cantata, based on a chorale by Paul Eber, composed in the 1500s, and harmonized by
Bach as the fifth movement of this piece.
Bach- Fugue in G minor
: 3 parts: subject, answers, episode.
Subject: stretto (when the answer comes in before the first part is done w/ solo). Single melody line that
begins the music
Exposition: free counterpoint (bridge in text). Connective tissue. Irrelevant
Bach- Herr Jesu Christ
: German sacred Cantata (aka. Chorale Cantata)
: 4 dance movements- Allemande, courante, sarabande, gigue. Each dance in binary form
w/ each half repeated and in diff. keys.
: Musical punctuation at end of phrases, marking distinct sections or segments; temporary or
full resting places (like semicolon or period). In polyphonic music, all voices come to rest at the same
time on the most important cadences.
: means “chorus” but came to mean opt. vocal chorus.
: oratorio. Jephtha promised to sacrifice the first person he sees on his return home,
which is his daughter.
: similar to passacaglias. Triple meter dances w/ repeating based line.