A&P I - Review for Comprehensive Lab Final - EDITED 4-10

A&P I - Review for Comprehensive Lab Final - EDITED...

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This is just an aid – it is not comprehensive. – Read through your unit worksheets Review for Comprehensive Lab Final Unit #1 Describe a person in anatomical position Anatomical position : standing erect, face forward, arms fully extended at the sides, palms facing forward, and legs fully extended. It is assumed that the body is in anatomical position any time a relative position term is used. Know Terms of Relative Position: Anterior- toward the front Posterior- toward the back Ventral- nearer to the belly; synonymous with anterior in humans. Dorsal- nearer to the back; synonymous with posterior in humans. Superior- above another part, Inferior- below another part, Medial- closer to an imaginary vertical midline of the body Lateral- pertaining to the side; farther away from the midline Ipsilateral- refers to structures on the same side Contralateral- refers to structures on opposite sides Proximal- closer to the point of attachment Distal- farther from point of attachment Superficial- near the surface of the body, organ or structure Deep- toward the interior of the body, organ or structure Central- at or towards the center in a 3 dimensional sense Peripheral- radiating away from center Know the planes of Body Section: SAGITTAL- lengthwise cut that divides the body into right and left portions. FRONTAL/CORONAL- lengthwise cut that divides body into front and back portions. TRANSVERSE- horizontal cut that divides body into superior and inferior portions. Know Body Regions: OCCIPITAL- back of the head OTIC- ear ORBITAL or OCULAR- eye CERVICAL- neck ACROMIAL- tip of the shoulder PECTORAL- chest GLUTEAL- buttocks COXAL- hip AXILLARY- armpit BRACHIAL- upper arm OLECRANAL or CUBITAL - posterior side of elbow ANTECUBITAL- front of elbow (ante - before) PATELLAR- front of knee POPLITEAL- back of the knee CRURAL- leg 1
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This is just an aid – it is not comprehensive. – Read through your unit worksheets Know major Body Cavities: MAJOR CAVITIES : There are 2 main cavities- DORSAL and VENTRAL . DORSAL - Further subdivided into: CRANIAL CAVITY- contains brain and associated blood vessels, nerves and coverings. ORAL CAVITY- mouth: contains teeth, tongue and associated structures. MIDDLE EAR OR OTIC- contains structures (bones) of the middle ear. ORBITAL CAVITY - contains the eyeball and associated structures. NASAL CAVITY- breathing passage, houses organs for the sense of smell. NASAL SINUSES- cavities in bones of the skull that make bones lighter in weight and provide resonance in voice VENTRAL - 2 subdivisions: 1. THORACIC CAVITY - within the ribcage. Contains the mediastinum region, pleural cavity, and pericardial cavity. MEDIASTINUM- region between the lungs. Contains all the thoracic viscera (heart, esophagus, trachea, and thymus gland) excluding the lungs. PLEURAL CAVITY- contains the lungs
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A&P I - Review for Comprehensive Lab Final - EDITED...

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