Lect+8.Memory.6Slides+per+page

Lect+8.Memory.6Slides+per+page - What is memory The...

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4/27/10 1 MEMORY: ENCODING, STORAGE, AND RETRIEVAL Chapter 6 What is memory? The persistence of learning over time through the storage and retrieval of information. What is memory? The persistence of learning over time through the storage and retrieval of information. The Atkinson & Schiffrin Model of Memory Sensory Short Term Long Term encoding retrieval attending maintenance rehearsal Ways of storing memories Storage Encoding Retrieval Short Term Sensory Long Term Storing memory Storage Short Term Sensory Long Term Sensory Memory Memory for sensory information that is stored briefly It is close to its original sensory form Storage Sensory
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4/27/10 2 Sensory Memory Sensory memory stores up to _______ items for less than a second Sensory information from any of the five senses could be stored this way Iconic Memory Echoic Memory Sensory Memory Time ¼ second ½ second When given a cue to remember any one of the lines, people could recite that line. Sperling (1960) Short Term Memory Memory that keeps information available for current use through phonemic rehearsal Storage Short Term Short Term Memory Short term memory lasts for 20 seconds, and can store approximately 7 (+ or – 2) units of information You can maintain short term memory by thinking about or rehearsing information ______________information into meaningful units Baddeley’s Working Memory Visiospatial sketchpad Phonological loop rehearsal rehearsal Baddeley’s Working Memory Visiospatial sketchpad Phonological loop rehearsal rehearsal
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4/27/10 3 Long-term Memory Relatively permanent storage of information How does long term memory differ from short term memory? Storage Long Term From Short Term to Long Term o Primacy Effect o Recency Effect o Von Restorff Effect o False Memory o Lure The Serial Position Effect Long-term Memory Long term memory can last days, years, or a lifetime There are different ways that short term memory is __________ into long term memory Short Term Long Term encoding retrieval Encoding: Levels of Processing
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Lect+8.Memory.6Slides+per+page - What is memory The...

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