Lect+10.Motivation_Emotion.6slides

Lect+10.Motivation_Emotion.6slides - Lecture 10 Motivation...

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5/5/2010 1 Lecture 10: Motivation & Emotion PSC1 Spring 2010, Dr. Liat Sayfan Lecture Outline circle6 Motivation circle6 Theories: instinct, drive reduction, optimal arousal, incentive circle6 Maslow’s hierarchy circle6 Hunger and eating behavior circle6 Achievement motivation circle6 Emotion What is Motivation? circle6 need or desire circle6 energizes and directs behavior Theories of Motivation circle6 Instincts theory circle6 instinct circle6 unlearned circle6 fixed throughout species circle6 Is human behavior preprogrammed? circle6 McDougall: Preprogrammed to fulfill needs circle6 Problems square4 circular reasoning square4 these “instincts” are learned Theories of Motivation circle6 Drive Reduction Theory circle6 physiological need creates arousal circle6 drives organism to satisfy need circle6 return to homeostasis food deprivation hunger (drive) seeking food & eating drive reduction Theories of Motivation circle6 Optimal Arousal Theory circle6 need for stimulation circle6 Optimum level of arousal circle6 Individual differences in what’s ‘optimal’ circle6 Generally preference to ‘medium’ challenge
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5/5/2010 2 Theories of Motivation circle6 Incentive Theory circle6 Not “pushed” by internal state circle6 “Pulled” by external goals circle6 motivated because we expect incentives circle6 Cognitive aspect circle6 Expectation to get incentive circle6 Appreciate the incentive “What a man can be, he must be” circle6
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