Study+Guide+for+Exam+1

Study+Guide+for+Exam+1 - Exam 1 Review Sheet PSC 1 Spring...

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Exam 1 Review Sheet PSC 1 – Spring 2010 Material from the textbook not covered in lecture is italicized. Lecture 1 : What is Psychology? (Ch. 1) What is psychology? Subfields o Practice (clinical, counseling, industrial/organizational, educational/school) Differences between counseling and clinical psychologists and psychiatrists o Research (neuroscience, cognitive, personality, etc.) Levels of analysis (biological, individual, social) Philosophical “grand questions” o Nature-nurture debate (Plato, Rousseau, Aristotle, John Locke, tabula rasa) o Mind-body problem, dualism (Rene Descartes) Historical roots o o Structuralism (Eduard Tichener) o Functionalism (William James) o Gestalt (Max Wertheimer) Modern Perspectives o o Behaviorism (John Watson, B.F. Skinner) o Humanism (Carl Rogers) o Cognitive revolution o Biological perspective o Evolutionary psychology Themes in Psychology o Empirical o Theoretically diverse o Sociohistorical o Multiple causes of behavior o Cultural heritage o Heredity and environment o Subjectivity of experience Lecture 2 : Research methods (Ch 2) Common Sense vs. Science o The story of Clever Hans Observer Expectancy Effects o Therapeutic touch example (movie clip)
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skepticism Trying to disprove the research hypothesis confirmation bias Placebo effects o Advantages of the scientific methods
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This note was uploaded on 05/08/2010 for the course PSC PSC 001 taught by Professor Paoli during the Spring '09 term at UC Davis.

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Study+Guide+for+Exam+1 - Exam 1 Review Sheet PSC 1 Spring...

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