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16 - ICS103 Programming in C Lecture 16 2-Dimensional...

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1 ICS103 Programming in C Lecture 16: 2-Dimensional Arrays
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2 Outline Introduction to 2-D Arrays Declaration of 2-D Arrays Accessing 2-D Array elements Initialization of 2-D Arrays Processing 2-D Arrays 2-D Arrays as parameters to functions
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3 Introduction to 2-D Arrays A 2-D array is a contiguous collection of variables of the same type, that may be viewed as a table consisting of rows and columns. The same reason that necessitated the use of 1-D arrays can be extended to 2-D and other multi-D Arrays. For example, to store the grades of 30 students, in 5 courses require multiple 1-D arrays. A 2-D array allows all these grades to be handled using a single variable. This idea can be easily extended to other higher dimensions. Thus, we shall focus only on 2-D arrays.
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4 Declaration of 2-D Arrays A 2-D array variable is declared by specifying the type of elements, the name of the variable, followed by the number of rows and number of columns – each is a separate bracket: The following declares a 2-D array, table , having 3 rows and 4 columns. int table[3][4]; Both rows and columns are indexed from zero. So the three rows have indexes 0, 1 and 2 and four the columns have 0, 1, 2, 3. As we saw in 1-D array, it is a good practice to declare the sizes as constants. So a better declaration for the above is: #define ROWS 3 #define COLS 4 int table[ROWS][COLS];
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5 Accessing 2-D Array elements
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