Unformatted text preview: Chapter 17: Aldehydes and Ketones
Functional Group: Carbonyl
O Alde : RC hyde HO, R O H Ke : tone RC OR', R R' Nomenclature
Thecarbonyl group of alde s and ke s has priority ove all hyde tone r othe polar or functional groups use so far, nam ly r d e RX, ROH, , ,
(But not C OOH) I n addition: > Systematic Naming (IUPAC)
Alde s hyde
Alkane Alkanal. Longe chain starts at carbonyl st carbon, which is C 1.
Exam s: ple Formaldehyde Acetaldehyde Formaldehyde Acetaldehyde I UPAC -acce d m e IUPAC pte com on nam s C yclic alde s havethee hyde nding -carbalde hydeafte cycloalkanenam . r e Thecarbon attache to -C is C d HO 1.
Exam s: ple
1 4 2 3 C e nylcyclois-2- the he carbalde xane hyde unit as a substitue is calle nt d The form . yl Ke s tone...
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This note was uploaded on 05/09/2010 for the course BIO biology taught by Professor Meighan during the Spring '09 term at Berkeley.
- Spring '09