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PP_presentation_LECTURE_04_note_format - ENGR201...

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Unformatted text preview: ENGR201 PROFESSIONAL PRACTICE AND RESPONSIBILITY FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND COMPUTER SCIENCE 1 CHAPTER 4 RISK MANAGEMENT 1. General principles 2. Legal framework 3. An overview of current methods of analysis FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND COMPUTER SCIENCE 2 1 Related upcoming lectures • Ch 7 : Code of Ethics : duties and Ch. obligations towards the public • Ch. 11 : health and safety issues for engineering projects : Quebec g and Canadian legislation • Ch. 12 : liability FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND COMPUTER SCIENCE 3 TOPIC 1 : General principles FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND COMPUTER SCIENCE 4 2 The concept of risk • • • • • • Definitions : danger, risk, accident danger risk A risk is not a danger or hazard No risk without a hazard A risk-free hazard is possible The perception of risk is not uniform “ zero risk ” does not exist FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND COMPUTER SCIENCE 5 Risk management : a social issue • Social expectations evolve • "Technoscience" develops at an astounding rate • Risky practices are reconsidered or e e outlawed even ou a ed • Control and monitoring systems are limited FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND COMPUTER SCIENCE 6 3 Risk management : a social issue • Avoidable man made disasters happen man-made as never before • The perception of risk changes • The social responsibility of the co po a e o d corporate world • The social responsibility of the professional FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND COMPUTER SCIENCE 7 AIRCRAFTS AIR WATER fish TANKER SMOKE village WORKERS PROCESSES CHEMICALS TERRORISTS ? WILDLIFE FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND COMPUTER SCIENCE railroad 8 4 Risk management as a strategic activity in modern business practices • The main causes of accidents and incidents in goods and services industries are management-related • Managing safety effectively makes good business sense FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND COMPUTER SCIENCE 9 Ethical risk management • Compromise between : • • • • • technical possibilities company values costs the engineer’s social responsibility public opinion / perception of risk FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND COMPUTER SCIENCE 10 5 Ethical risk management • The Code of Ethics of Engineers contains rules of conduct • How does this reconcile with the rights of the general public ? • The "environment" may hold u e e o e ay o d unknowns, o s, standards may be outdated, public discourse may be contradictory FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND COMPUTER SCIENCE 11 Communication in risk management • A very delicate operation • Credibility is paramount and fragile • Communication must follow some practical rules FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND COMPUTER SCIENCE 12 6 TOPIC 2 : Legal framework FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND COMPUTER SCIENCE 13 Three main domains • The environment • Occupational health and safety • Safety of people and property FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND COMPUTER SCIENCE 14 7 Environment (Québec) • Environment Quality Act (R S Q c. Q(R.S.Q., c Q 2) • dozens of regulations, including the Regulation respecting environmental impact assessment and review (R.Q., c. Q-2, r.9) FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND COMPUTER SCIENCE 15 Environment (Canada) • Canadian Environmental Protection Act Act, 1999 (CEPA 1999) • ~ 45 regulations including the • Environmental Emergency Regulations (SO / 003 30 ) (SOR/2003-307) FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND COMPUTER SCIENCE 16 8 Strip mining FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND COMPUTER SCIENCE 17 Occupational health and safety (Québec) • An Act respecting occupational health and safety (R.S.Q., c. S-2.1) • 51. Every employer must take the necessary measures to protect the health and ensure the safety and physical well-being of his worker. He must, in particular, • 5) use methods and techniques intended for the ) q identification, control and elimination of risks to the safety or health of the worker; • and regulations FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND COMPUTER SCIENCE 18 9 Occupational health and safety (Canada) • Canada Labour Code [R S 1985 c. L [R.S., 1985, c L2] • many regulations, including the Canada Occupational Health and Safety Regulations [SOR/86-304] • Part XIX : Hazard prevention program FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND COMPUTER SCIENCE 19 Machine design FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND COMPUTER SCIENCE 20 10 Safety of people and property • A broad domain • Lots of laws and regulations, some general, some very specific FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND COMPUTER SCIENCE 21 Civil Protection Act (R.S.Q., c. S-2.3) FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND COMPUTER SCIENCE 22 11 Dam Safety Act (R.S.Q., c. S-3.1.01) FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND COMPUTER SCIENCE 23 Fire Safety Act (R.S.Q., c. S-3.4) FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND COMPUTER SCIENCE 24 12 Food and drug safety... FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND COMPUTER SCIENCE 25 Transportation... FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND COMPUTER SCIENCE 26 13 Nuclear power... FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND COMPUTER SCIENCE 27 TOPIC 3: An overview of current methods of analysis FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND COMPUTER SCIENCE 28 14 Many methods exist FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND COMPUTER SCIENCE 29 1. Comparative methods • Control lists • Risk index • Historical data review FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND COMPUTER SCIENCE 30 15 2. Fundamental methods • Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA) • FMEAs sometimes extend to Failure Mode, Effects and Criticality Analyses ( (FMECAs) ) • Hazard and Operability (HAZOP) FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND COMPUTER SCIENCE 31 Fundamental methods, cont'd Preliminary Hazard Analysis (PrHA) Job Safety Analysis (JSA) Safety Integrity Levels (SIL) Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP) Layer of Protection Analysis (LOPA) FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND COMPUTER SCIENCE 32 16 Fundamental methods, cont'd Process Safety Management (PSM) Failure Tree Analysis (FTA) Event Tree Analysis (ETA) What If / Checklist etc. Variations of the above and other methods exist under commercial names FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND COMPUTER SCIENCE 33 A management tool • CAN/CSA Q850 97 (R2002) "Risk CAN/CSA-Q850-97 Risk Management: Guideline for Decision Makers" FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND COMPUTER SCIENCE 34 17 This Guideline... • is intended to assist decision makers decision-makers in effectively managing all types of risk issues, including injury or damage to health, property, the environment, or something else of value. l FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND COMPUTER SCIENCE 35 This Guideline... • describes a process for acquiring acquiring, analyzing, evaluating, and communicating information that is necessary for decision-making. FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND COMPUTER SCIENCE 36 18 This Guideline... • provides a description of the major components of the risk management decision process, and their relationship to each other, in a stepby-step process. FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND COMPUTER SCIENCE 37 This Guideline does not provide... • (a) a legal definition or specification for risk management; • (b) a necessary basis for qualifying for insurance, a monetary loan, or other financial considerations; or • (c) specific technical tools for risk analysis, evaluation, and control. FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND COMPUTER SCIENCE 38 19 Guidance documents • CSA has developed guidance documents to address risk analysis (CSA Standard CAN/CSA-Q634) and environmental risk assessment (CSA Standard Z763) FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND COMPUTER SCIENCE 39 A Canadian guide • Guidance Manual for the Risk Evaluation Framework for Sections 199 and 200 of CEPA 1999 • Available on internet FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND COMPUTER SCIENCE 40 20 A regional advance • In the Montreal area : • Conseil pour la réduction des accidents industriels majeurs (CRAIM) Risk Management Guide for Major Industrial Accidents (rev. 2007, in French) • F Focus on human health & lif environmental h h lth life, i t l quality • www.craim.ca FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND COMPUTER SCIENCE 41 CONCLUSION • Risk is part of life • Engineers are engaged in risky activities • Risk can be managed using proper techniques • RISK MANAGEMENT is a professional i f i l obligation for every engineer • Social aspects are essential FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND COMPUTER SCIENCE 42 21 REQUIRED READING • Tilman Rasche s article : Rasche's • "Risk Analysis Methods – a Brief Review", 2001, The University of Queensland – Mineral Industry Safety ( ) and Health Centre (Australia) • on the Moodle site FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND COMPUTER SCIENCE 43 Suggested reading • CAN/CSA Q634 M91 “ Risk Analysis CAN/CSA-Q634-M91 Requirements and Guidelines ” • CAN/CSA-Q850-97 (R2002) "Risk Management : Guideline for Decision Makers" FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND COMPUTER SCIENCE 44 22 See you next week ! FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND COMPUTER SCIENCE 45 23 ...
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This note was uploaded on 05/09/2010 for the course ENGR 201 taught by Professor Remialaurent during the Winter '10 term at Concordia Canada.

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